Top 10 Oldest & Beautiful Train Stations in The World
|Top 10 Oldest and Most Beautiful Train Stations in The World|
|Table of Content|
Not simply a place to pick up and drop off passengers, the station is also a typical architectural symbol of a city. Looking at the construction, and the architecture inside the station, we can know part of the history and culture of the city where it is located.
Let's admire the unique architecture of the 10 oldest and most beautiful stations in the world below.
1. Grand Central Terminal, New York
Considered one of the most beautiful train stations in the world, Grand Central station is a famous landmark in New York City. The station with Beaux-Arts-style architecture has appeared in many famous Hollywood movies. Built in the 20th century, the station is famous for its constellation mural painted on the green vaulted ceiling. Visitors can't miss the iconic four-sided clock in the main lounge, a classic design by Henry Edward Bedford.
It is the largest railway station in the world, with 44 platforms and 67 tracks. The main executive building, designed in the Beau-Arts style, was completed in 1913.
The main building of the station was once used to house art galleries and function as a museum.
Grand Central Terminal has been featured in many popular movies, including “The Godfather” and “The Man in Black”.
2. Liège-Guillemins Railway Station, Belgium
Designed by the famous Spanish architect Santiago Caltrava, the station has a beautiful structure made of steel and glass, which has just been opened in 2009. This is a work famous for its sophisticated architectural beauty, which is famous for its architectural beauty. built for 10 years and still maintain the regular operation of ships to and from Liège.
Before designing the Liège station, Calatrave designed Saint Exupéry station in Lyon, Oriente station in Lisbon, and is continuing to build Mons station (Belgium), which will open before the city becomes the European Capital of Culture. in 2015.
Liège Station is exquisite from the 35-meter-high glass roof to the gentle architecture of shops and cafes on the main platform to Europe's first childcare center located on the platform. Another special thing at the station is that there are no posters, advertising posters, or any public telephone booths.
3. Marunouchi Station, Tokyo
On the eve of its 100th birthday, Marunouchi Station has been restored to its original 1914 appearance. The elegant red-brick building has weathered many historical ups, as resilient as its famous nature. of the Japanese people. In 1923, the Kanto earthquake shook the station's foundations. In 1945, Marunouchi was hit by an air raid that damaged the roof and interior. And for the third time, during World War II, Marunouchi continued to have 2 roofs completely destroyed.
Kingo Tatsuno, a famous architect of the Meiji period at the beginning of the last century, designed the station in a Western-style, clearly drawing inspiration from his time studying in Europe. The station has long been a place of attachment, no other building can replace it in the minds of the people of Tokyo.
In October 2012, Maruchino was completely restored to its original dome and architecture, in addition to the largest seismic isolation system in Japan, to limit the effects of potential earthquakes. to this project. The station will celebrate its 100th anniversary in 2014.
4. Helsinki Central Station, Finland
In 1923, architect Eliel Saarinen moved from Finland to the United States and taught at the University of Michigan. At that time, he left a legacy for Helsinki Central Station. The station, which has been in operation since 1919, is considered a great example of the 'nouveau' design style (the popular style of applied art in the late 19th and early 20th centuries) as it is known in Finland. with the name Jugend.
Like many other landmark buildings in Helsinki, the station is architecturally magnificent and eye-catching, but not flashy. A harmonious combination of required functional architecture and typical Finnish artistic design. The most attractive feature of the project is the four giant stone people next to the main door, holding a large bridge lamp that illuminates more than 200,000 passengers every day. Inside the station, passengers should not miss the opportunity to go to Eliel restaurant to enjoy a light meal and admire the beautiful Finnish scenery on the restaurant wall, a work of artist Eero Jarnefelt.
5. Chhatrapati Shivaji Station, Mumbai
Chhatrapati Shivaji Station, Mumbai, India, was once called Victoria Station, after the British Queen, who was also Queen of India in 1987. The opening ceremony of the station took place in 1997 - the year of the Golden Anniversary. of the Queen -but became official only a year later. Currently, Mumbai Central Station is known as Chhatrapati Shivaji - the first Maratha emperor.
This work was designed by British architect Frederick William Stevens and became a typical symbol of the Gothic Revival architectural style. Based on an Italian medieval model, Stevens brings to the station Victorian details and decorations: impressive Indian-style stone arches and arches; symmetrical domes with brick pillars, reliefs decorated with lions representing England; The tigers represent India.
The interior design of the building resembles a church, only from the ceiling vault to the stained-glass windows that are shaped like locomotives instead of religious figures. With a harmonious blend of Asian-European architecture, this station has become a symbol of Mumbai, as well as an outstanding 19th-century railway work, and became a World Heritage Site in 2004 by UNESCO.
6. St. Pancras International, London
Once a wasteland of abandoned industrial buildings and warehouses, St Pancras station is now a bustling area of cafes, restaurants, and innovative startups. Few tourists do not admire the beauty of this international train station that opened in 1868. Wonders of the Victorian era, a typical work of European railways, classic, magnificent and vibrant.
Famous for its Victorian architecture, decorated with many works of art. The station's curved train shed was the largest single-span structure at the time.
Its facade is surrounded by the Renaissance hotel and many shops and restaurants ready to serve visitors in need.
7. Kuala Lumpur Railway Station
A beautiful blend of colonial and local architectural styles, Kuala Lumpur Station "catches all eyes" with its magnificent façade. The station looks like a typical Victorian building with its glass and iron dome. A definite must-visit place for any visitor when visiting Kuala Lumpur.
Designed by architect Arthur Benison Hubback, this building was completed in 1917. This is the intersection of many different architectural styles, combining schools from Arabia, India and Europe.... From the outside, one can't tell it's a railway station because it looks like a palace.
Although the capital Kuala Lumpur has opened a new central station, this special station still attracts many tourists to visit because of its beauty.
8. Antwerpen-Centraal Station, Belgium
One of the most beautiful railway stations in the world, Antwerp Central was opened in 1905. It is a combination of many architectural styles, mainly designed by designer Louis Delacenserie.
The massive dome over the lobby is Delacenserie's biggest brainchild. The train's exterior was designed by engineer Clement van Bogaert and the glass viaduct leading into the station was designed by architect Jan Van Asperen.
The architecture created by the Belgians has always been chosen as the most beautiful railway station in many surveys.
9. Gare du Nord, Paris, France
It goes without saying that one of the most beautiful cities in the world also has one of the most beautiful train stations. Gare du Nord, which opened in 1864, is an architectural marvel.
The Gare du Nord's neoclassical design is complemented by the decorations that adorn it. These include 23 female statues in the façade representing the destinations served by the railway.
10. Haydarpaşa Railway Station
Less famous—but no less grand—than Istanbul’s Sirkeci station, Haydarpaşa has the distinction of being built on land reclaimed from the Bosporus Strait, which leaves it surrounded by water on three sides. The imposing neoclassical edifice, designed by German architects Otto Ritter and Helmut Conu, was inaugurated in 1909 on the birthday of the reigning sultan, Mehmed V.
The station’s concourse features coffered barrel-vault ceilings and generous windows. While Haydarpaşa closed in 2012 for restoration and the development of high-speed lines, it’s still an impressive sight from the exterior, best viewed by boat.
This large station has existed since 1906, once a symbol of friendship between the Ottoman Empire and Germany. Exhibiting flawless Neo-Renaissance architecture, Haydarpaşa station serves incoming trains between Turkey and the Middle Eastern countries.
| Top 10 Oldest Beers In America You Should Drink |
Beer is a famous drink all around the world, and it's easy to find the best beer brands everywhere you go. We will introduce you ...
| What is the World's First Refrigerator Ever Made - History in Timeline |
The refrigerator has become one of the essential appliances in daily affairs. Have you ever wondered about the history of the fridge? What is ...
| What is the Oldest Spacecraft of NASA - Voyager 1 |
First launched in 1977, the Voyager duo is NASA's longest-running mission.