The Largest Ethnic Group & Nationalities in The United States
The Largest Ethnic Group & Nationalities in The United States

Race and Ethnicity in the US

The 2010 United States Census left off questions about ancestry to avoid controversy, though the Census Bureau's American Community Survey separately tracks Hispanic and Latino origin, Asian origin, American Indian and Alaska Native tribal groupings, and various other ancestry groups. African American, which appeared as a major ancestry group in the 2000 Census, is now listed by the Census as a racial group, with ancestry listed only for smaller groups from specific African countries.

White: a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. It includes people who indicate their race as "White" or report entries such as Afghan, Iranian, Irish, German, Italian, Lebanese, Arab, Moroccan, or Caucasian.

Black or African American: a person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. It includes people who indicate their race as "Black, African Am." or report entries such as African American, Kenyan, Nigerian, or Haitian.

American Indian or Alaska Native: a person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment. This category includes people who indicate their race as "American Indian or Alaska Native" or report entries such as Navajo, Blackfeet, Inupiat, Yup'ik, Central American Indian groups, or South American Indian groups.

Asian: a person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent including, for example Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander: a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.

Some other race: includes all other responses not included in the "White," "Black or African American," "American Indian or Alaska Native," "Asian," and "Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander" race categories described above includes Asians from Western Asia or Russia (non-European Russia) and White Africans

Two or more races: people may choose to provide two or more races either by checking two or more race response check boxes, providing multiple responses, or some combination of checkboxes and other responses.

The Largest Ethnic Group & Nationalities in The United States
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Which is the largest ethnic group/nationalities in the US?

As of 2019, here is the current distribution of the U.S. population by race and ethnicity:

#1. White: 60.1% (Non-Hispanic)

#2. Hispanic: 18.5%

#3. Black: 12.2%

#4. Asian: 5.6%

#5. Multiple Races: 2.8%

#6. American Indian/Alaska Native: 0.7%

#7. Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander: 0.2%

From those groups, Americans identity with ethnic groups that are even more specific. More Americans specify as German than any other ethnicity.

African American

A black, or African-American person is defined by having total or partial black ancestry. Despite the commonly used term of "African-American", many black Americans cite ancestry from other places across the globe like South America and the Caribbean. However, many people do have African heritage, as many enslaved people were forcibly taken over to North America by European settlers. Many of these people came from West and Central Africa.

The history of racial discrimination against black Americans runs deep. Racial discrimination against African Americans was legally outlawed following the influence of the Civil Rights Movement, though inequality still exists today. Today, African Americans constitute 12.3% of the total population.

English

Most of the Americans who cite English ancestry are found in the north-western US. They largely came from the British Isles, including England, Wales, and Scotland. Today, people of English origin make up 12.6% of the American population.

Irish

Many people from Ireland migrated to the US in mid-1800s due to the Great Famine in Ireland. A large amount settled in the large cities of Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Chicago. Presently the ethnic group makes up 10.6% of the total population in the country.

Native Americans

Native Americans, which includes anybody with ancestry from North, Central or South America as well as Alaska, make up 1.6% of the US population. Prior to European colonization, Native Americans were the original residents of the present-day United States. Unfortunately, the arrival of Europeans meant new exposure to diseases, and often involve a violent outcome. The Native American population dwindled, and today the population group still disproportionately suffers from high poverty rates.

Mexicans

Mexicans have been immigrating to the US throughout the history of the country due to the proximity of the country to the US. The people of the Mexican ethnic group is majorly found in the southwestern borders of the US and constitute 10.9% of the population. The Mexicans also constitute 58.5% of the Latino/ Hispanic population of the country.

Percentage of Races in the United States:

Rank Ethnicity Percentage of Population
1 German 14.70%
2 Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 12.30%
3 Mexican (of any race) 10.90%
4 Irish 10.60%
5 English 7.80%
6 American 7.20%
7 Italian 5.50%
8 Polish 3.00%
9 French 2.60%
10 Scottish 1.70%
11 Native American and Alaska Native 1.60%
12 Puerto Rican 1.60%
13 Norwegian 1.40%
14 Dutch 1.40%
15 Swedish 1.20%
16 Chinese 1.20%
17 Asian Indian 1.00%
18 Scotch-Irish 1.00%
19 Russian 0.90%
20 West Indian (non-Hispanic) 0.90%
21 Filipino 0.90%

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