Xi jinping
Xi Jinping. Photo: CNBC

Who is Xi Jinping?

Born in 1953 to a Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leader, Xi Jinping worked his way up the party ranks to become a major player in the Chinese Politburo.

By 2013, Xi was elected General Secretary of the Communist Party, Chair of the Military Commission and President of the People’s Republic of China. Although he earned criticism for human rights violations and disruptive economic regulations, Xi also continued the country's rise as a global superpower. His name and philosophy was added to the party constitution in 2017, and the following year he successfully pushed for the abolition of presidential term limits, according to Biography.

Xi was born June 15, 1953, the son of a well-placed Chinese Communist Party leader, Xi Zhongxun, a former comrade of Communist China’s founder Mao Tse-tung. Considered a “princeling” — someone destined to rise within the government due to family connections — Xi’s destiny was altered when his father was purged from power in 1962.

Xi Jinping and family

When serving as secretary of the Zhejiang Provincial Party Committee, Xi Jinping told a reporter from Yan'an, "I make a phone call to my wife (Peng Liyuan) every day. We have been married for more than ten years, but I do that every day.", according to China Plus (the official English website of China Radio Internationa).

On the bookshelf of Chinese President Xi Jinping, there are four pictures that are particularly noticeable. They record the warm moments in Xi Jinping's life with his parents, wife and daughter. Xi Jinping has always been an example of filial piety toward his parents and love for his wife and child, China Plus cites.

Xi Jinping's Biography: Early life and Presidency
Undated photo on the book-shelf of President Xi Jinping shows him hand in hand with his mother, Qi Xin, walking in a park. [Photo: cctv.com]

On December 12, 2016, Xi Jinping spoke at a conference in Beijing to honor model families across the country. He called for more to be done in China to enhance virtue and civility in families and make them "an important foundation" for national development, progress and social harmony. People from all walks of life should work for "a new trend toward socialist family values," featuring love for the nation, family and one another, a devotion to progress and kindness, as well as mutual growth and sharing. "Traditional family values have been engraved on the minds and melted into the blood of the Chinese people," said Xi Jinping.

Who is Xi Jinping's wife?

Xi Jinping and Peng Liyuan married in September 1987. They didn't hold a big ceremony, just a simple dinner to celebrate with a few colleagues and friends, according to Chinadaily.

Xi Jinping's Biography: Early life and Presidency
Xi Jinping and Peng Liyuan in 1987, Dongshan Island, Fujian Province. [Photo: Xinhua]

"Family is not only the dwelling for people's bodies, but also the home of people's hearts," said Xi Jinping. "A family may thrive within a good culture while a bad culture may bring problems to the family and to society," Xi Jinping added.

Who is Xi Jinping   Chinese President?
Chinese President Xi Jinping and his wife Peng Liyuan. Photo / Getty Images

Who is Chinese president Xi Jinping's daughter?

She's the only child of the world's second most powerful leader – but unlike Ivanka Trump or Malia and Sasha Obama, few people even know Xi Mingze's name.

The 27-year-old was born on June 27, 1992, and studied French at her high school, Hangzhou Foreign Languages School.

According to the China Times, she was nicknamed "Xiao Muzi" by her grandfather, Communist revolutionary and former state official Xi Zhongxun, "designating her as an innocent and decent person who is useful to society".

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Career of Xi Jinping

*Xi Jinping, Han nationality, is a native of Fuping County, Shaanxi Province. He was born in 1953, entered the work force in 1969, joined the CYLC in 1971 and joined the CPC in 1974.

*Xi has served in four provinces during his government and Party career: Shaanxi, Hebei, Fujian and Zhejiang. He has held Party positions in the CPC Fuzhou City Committee, and in 1990 he became president of the Party school in Fuzhou City. In 1999 he was elected vice-governor of Fujian province, then governor a year later. In 2002 he took up senior government and Party positions in Zhejiang Province.

* In 2007 he became a member of the Standing Committee of the Politburo Bureau of the 17th CPC Central Committee and Chairman of 17th CPC Central Committee Party Building Leading Small Group. He is also the President of the Party School of the CPC Central Committee.

*In 2008, he became Vice-President of the People's Republic of China. In 2010 he became Vice-Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission and Vice-Chairman, Central Military Commission of the PRC.

*In 2012 he became General Secretary of the 18th CPC Central Committee a member of the Standing Committee of the Politburo of the 18th CPC Central Committee and Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission. In 2013 Xi was elected Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission and President of China. In 2014 Xi became head of China's new national security commission.

*In 2017 Xi became Head of the CPC Central Committee's Central Commission for Integrated Military and Civilian Development. He was also named as a delegate to 19th CPC National Congress. As of 2017 Xi is also General Secretary of the 19th CPC Central Committee a member of the Standing Committee of the Politburo of the 19th CPC Central Committee and Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission.

Coronavirus

Xi faced a new challenge in the final days of 2019 with the outbreak of a pneumonia-like illness in the city of Wuhan. Chinese authorities attempted to close off Wuhan on January 23, 2020, but the new coronavirus had already escaped the country's borders; by February 10, it was reported that more than 900 people had died from the virus in China alone, surpassing the total from the SARS epidemic of 2002-3.