Who is Jair Bolsonaro - The president of Brazil?
Biography of Jair Bolsonaro
Jair Messias Bolsonaro was born on March 21, 1955, in Campinas, São Paulo, a town in the southeast region of Brazil, to Perci Geraldo Bolsonaro and Olinda Bonturi. He is the third of his parents' six children and has two brothers and three sisters.
His father, a dentist without a college degree, had settled in Eldorado after the kids were born as there were not many dentists there. However, after trained dentists appeared, he was taken to the Forum and ended up working in the prosthetics.
Jair Bolsonaro got into the Preparatory School of Brazilian Army during his final years in school and later was sent to the Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras. He graduated from there in 1977 and served with the army's parachutist units for a while.
Bolsonaro, who served in the military for 17 years and reached the rank of Captain, first gained public attention in 1986 after he complained to 'Veja' magazine about low salaries and firing of officers. He was reprimanded by his superiors for his action but had become a sort of a hero to fellow officers, wives of military personnel and far-right activists, according to thefamouspeople.com
Career of Jair Bolsonaro
In 1988, after joining the military reserve, Jair Bolsonaro launched his political career under the ticket of the Christian Democratic Party (PDC) and was elected city councillor in Rio de Janeiro.
He was the Chamber of Deputies Vice Leader for PDC and fought for the party in the 1990 elections. Upon being elected as a federal congressman, he served the first term in office from February 1991 to February 1995 and was re-elected for six consecutive terms.
In 1993, he switched support to the newly founded Progressive Party (PP), which later merged with the Reform Progressive Party (RPP) in 1995 to form the Brazilian Progressive Party (PPB).
|Despite downplaying the seriousness of COVID-19, Brazil’s president’s approval rating is at its highest since he took office. |
Brazil has the world’s second-highest number of coronavirus deaths after the United States.
President Jair Bolsonaro’s dismissive stance has helped oversee the coronavirus’ rapid spread, with more than four million cases and 135,000 deaths rocking the country. Millions have lost their jobs and the economy is in recession.
But support from the poor has made Bolsonaro’s popularity rocket to its highest level since he took office in 2018.
In 2005, he briefly joined the Liberal Front Party (PFL), the primary right-wing party in Brazilian politics.
He returned to Brazilian Progressive Party (PPB) in 2005 after it reverted back to its previous name Progressive Party (PP) in 2003. He was elected twice more as a federal congressman in 2007 and 2011 and remained with the party till 2016.
He became a member of the Social Christian Party (PSC) in 2016 and announced his intention to run for the presidency in March that year. However, he eventually moved to the Social Liberal Party in August 2018 and launched his presidential campaign for the party, taking retired general Hamilton Mourão as his running mate.
Jair Bolsonaro. Photo: veja.abril.com.br
During the first round of the general election on October 7, 2018, he secured 46.03% votes to become the top candidate with a clear lead over opponent Fernando Haddad, who came second with 29.28% votes. He faced the former São Paulo mayor Haddad in the run-off elections on October 28, 2018, as listed in CNN.
Since being elected to the lower chamber of Congress, Jair Bolsonaro has been re-elected to office six consecutive times and has been a congressman for 27 years. He had secured 464,000 votes in Rio de Janeiro in 2014, which made him the congressman with most votes.
The President of Brazil: Personal Life and Family
Jair Bolsonaro's first marriage was to Rogéria Nantes Braga, with whom he has three sons named Flávio, Carlos and Eduardo. Both Flávio and Eduardo are lawyers and politicians.
After getting divorced from his first wife, he again married a woman named Ana Cristina, who is the mother of his fourth son, Renan.
In 2013, he married Michelle de Paula Firmo Reinaldo Bolsonaro, who gave birth to his only daughter Laura who, according to Bolsonaro, was produced out of "a moment of weakness".
He had hired his current wife as his secretary during his tenure as a congressman, following which she climbed up the ladder very quickly and gained several promotions, as well as pay raise. However, a couple of years later, he had to fire her after a Supreme Federal Court ruling that declared nepotism to be illegal in the public administration.
|While interacting with supporters during the presidential election campaign on September 6, 2015, Jair Bolsonaro was stabbed in the stomach by Adelio Bispo de Oliveira, later identified as a former Socialism and Liberty Party member. He was treated at the Albert Einstein Israelite Hospital for a month and was unable to campaign personally before the end of the first round.|
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