When and How is Children’s Day celebrated in different countries
|Different countries celebrate Children's Day on different dates amid Covid-19 pandemic|
International Children’s Day History
International Children’s Day holiday has been established in the 1920s – 1930s in Europe at the Geneva conference and has been celebrated annually since then on June 1st. This holiday date has overlapped later with the International Day for Protection of Children started by the Women’s Congress in France.
The consequences of World War II were highly evident at that point: millions of people lost their lives, the economies of thousands of cities collapsed, crowds of hungry children ended up running around on the streets… At this critical moment, in November 1949, an assembly of the Women’s International Democratic Federation was held in Paris, where a proposition was put forth to establish a new holiday. Without further ado, the new holiday has been created, and in June 1950, Children’s Day was already celebrated in 51 countries!
Around a quarter of the world’s population celebrates Children’s Day on the 1st of June. According to UN data, there are currently around 2.6 billion minors in the world, which accounts for around 30% population. T
World Children’s Day History
Initially International Children's Day began in Turkey on June 1, 1920, and was later adopted by Geneva during 1925 World Conference. Whereas, every year November 20 is celebrated as Universal Children's Day.
November 20th is an important date as it is the date in 1959 when the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. It is also the date in 1989 when the UN General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Since 1990, World Children's Day also marks the anniversary of the date that the UN General Assembly adopted both the Declaration and the Convention on children's rights.
Mothers and fathers, teachers, nurses and doctors, government leaders and civil society activists, religious and community elders, corporate moguls and media professionals, as well as young people and children themselves, can play an important part in making World Children's Day relevant for their societies, communities and nations.
Different countries celebrate Children's Day on different dates
When is Children’s day celebrated in other countries?
In different countries, the date of the observation varies, yet June 1st and November 20th are the most popular dates recognized in the vast amount of countries.
June 1st is called International Children’s Day, while November 20th is usually called World Children’s Day, or Universal Children’s Day.
On this day, all across the globe, various events take place, such as exhibitions of children’s art, celebratory concerts, charity events, and discussion round tables – all devoted to issues of childhood and adolescence.
|Different countries celebrate Children's Day on different dates|
Children's Day in The United States
The United States has selected first or second Sunday of the month of June to celebrate the spirit of children who are future of the nation. It also mark the whole week as the Family Week.
Children’s Day is not an official national holiday in US. The doors of hundreds of libraries, cultural centers, and public organizations open exceptionally, with the goal of motivating children to study and gain knowledge. Initially, the holiday was created to draw the attention of parents to the religious education of their children.
Children's Day in UK
In Britain, August 30 has been chosen for this purpose. On the day, a two-day carnival is organised in London in which all the school-going children participate.
On this day, charity activities traditionally take place.The Queen’s subjects also conduct political speeches in which they demand a review of the state’s position.
Children's Day in India
Every year, India marks November 14 as Children’s Day as a tribute to India’s first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru who was born on the day. On November 14, a large number of educational, motivational and cultural events are held all around the country.
India started celebrating Children’s Day in 1959. Initially, it was celebrated on November 20 along with other countries. But after Nehru’s death in 1964, it was unanimously decided to celebrate his birthday as Children’s Day.
Children's Day in Australia
Australia has declared Children's Day on the first Sunday of July, while it celebrates last week of October as Children's week. It holds cultural activities on the occasion and collect funds for the disadvantaged kids by selling cards for the day. Much attention is paid to children in foster families and pupils of specialized boarding schools. The main idea of this celebration is to give children an opportunity to enjoy their childhood.
Children's Day in New Zealand
In New Zealand, through celebrating «Maori children», the country’s population focuses on the problems of the native tribes.
|Children's Day In different countries, the date of the observation varies, yet June 1st and November 20th|
Children's Day in China
In China, this day is considered as a day off for schoolchildren and students. A large proportion of employers let their workers take a day off too, to go and celebrate Children’s day. Museums, cinemas and other cultural institutions are free for visitors on June 1st.
Children's Day in Pakistan
While, Pakistan celebrates November 20 as Children's Day and organise special programmes dedicated to them, China mark the day on June 1 which was earlier celebrated as Dragon Boat Festival in the country.
Children's Day in Japan
Children's day, which is celebrated on May 5, is also known as 'Kodomo no Hi' in Japan. On the occasion, mothers prepare special dishes of rice like 'Kashiwamochi' and 'Chimaki' for their children.
Children’s day is celebrated 3 times a year! The celebration is divided according to gender. On girls’ day, on March 3rd, people in Japan adorn their houses with dolls and fruits. On boys’ day, on May 5th – all of the attention is devoted to the culture of the samurai.
Children's Day in German
Germany has been divided into two parts during the years of the Cold War. On June 1st, in the Eastern part of the country, children were given sweets and toys, while in the Western part, on September 20th, the emphasis was heavily placed on politics and improving the living conditions of young people. After the unification, the country managed to keep both of the holidays and the traditions of their celebration.
Children's Day in Mexico
However in Mexico, the occasion, which is known as "El Dia Del Nino", is marked on April 30. This day children go to school to attend a fiesta and were given gifts by the school authorities. They also participate in a special parade organised for them.
Children's Day in Singapore
In Singapore, it's October 1 which is a holiday for kids and every school celebrates it in different way by organising fairs, cultural programmes and parade.
Children's Day In Brazil
Children’s Day has been celebrated along with the feast of the Marian apparition for over a hundred years! Masquerades, concerts, and processions take place around the country on this day. The tradition of holding holiday sales firstly appeared in Brazil in the 1960s.
Children's Day In Sweden
Two different dates for celebrating separately the day of the girls and the day of the boys existin Sweden, too. On August 7th, boys have their celebration, and on December 13th, it is the turn of the girls. Boys usually put on lobster costumes as this is associated with courage, and perform in front of the public. Girls do not have a masquerade, however, on their day, they turn into little goddesses (which is associated with the country’s folklore) and do good deeds.
|How Children's Day is being celebrated across the world during Covid-19 |
Children’s Day is UNICEF’s annual day of action for children, by children. This year, the COVID-19 crisis has resulted in a child rights crisis.
The costs of the pandemic for children are immediate and, if unaddressed, may last a lifetime. It’s time for generations to come together to reimagine the type of world we want to create.
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