Top 10 Largest Landlocked Countries In The World
|There are presently 49 landlocked countries of the World that have no access to open seas. Photo: KnowInsiders|
The world is home to nearly 200 different countries and most have access to the world's oceans. Historically, this has helped them develop their economies through international trade carried across the sea—long before airplanes were invented.
However, about one-fifth of the world's countries are landlocked (43 to be exact), meaning they do not have any direct or indirect access to an ocean by water, but many of these countries were able to trade, conquer, and expand their borders without seaports.
The list of top 10 largest landlocked countries in the world
Here’s a list of the top 10 largest landlocked countries of the world with an approximate estimation of the area and population of the place.
Kazakhstan - 2,724,900 km²
Mongolia - 1,564,116 km²
Chad - 1,284,000 km²
Niger - 1,267,000 km²
Mali - 1,240,192 km²
Ethiopia - 1,104,300 km²
Bolivia - 1,098,581 km²
Zambia - 752,618 km²
Afghanistan - 652,230 km²
South Sudan - 644,329 km²
What are the largest landlocked countries in the world?
|Photo: Migola Travel|
With a total area of 2.7 million square kilometers, Kazakhstan is the largest landlocked country in the world. It is also the ninth largest country in the world which is located in central Asia. It is bordered by China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. The place has a population of around 1, 6372,000 people living in it.
Mongolia is the second-largest landlocked country in the world. it is located in North Asia bordering 2 major countries, China and Russia. The population of this country extends up to 3 million and spreads over an area of 1,566,500 km square.
|Photo: Freedom House|
Chad is situated in Central Africa which extends over a total area of 1,284,000 km square. It is the third-largest landlocked country among the list. The place holds a population of 10,329,208 people in it. The neighboring countries to Chad are Cameroon, Central African Republic, Libya, Niger, Nigeria, and Sudan.
|Photo: Freedom House|
The next fourth largest landlocked country in the world is Niger. It has a total area of 1,267,000 km square. Niger is mainly surrounded by 7 countries. Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Libya, Mali, and Nigeria. The has an existing population of 15, 306,252 and is expected to rise in the upcoming years.
|Photo: Jasindo Logistics|
Mali has a total area of 1,240,192 km square in total. It stands as the next largest fifth landlocked country in the world. The country has a total population of 14, 517,176 people in total. It is located in West Africa bordered by 7 countries some of which include Algeria, Guinea, Cote d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, and Niger.
Ethiopia is the sixth-largest landlocked country in the world. It is located in Eastern Africa and shares borders with 6 other countries including Sudan, Kenya, Eritrea, Djibouti, South Sudan, and Somalia. It covers a total area of 1,104,300 km square with a total population of 85,237,338 people in it.
The seventh-largest landlocked country to top the list is Bolivia. It is bordered by five countries including, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Peru. It has a population of 1,098,581 km² and holds a population of 10,907,778 people overall.
|Photo: Culture Trip|
Zambia is a South African country with a total area of 752,612 km square. It has 8 countries to its borders which include Zimbabwe, Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Namibia, Tanzania, Mozambique, and Malawi. It has a total population of 12,935,000 in it.
Afghanistan shares its borders with 6 countries which include, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China, and Iran. It has a total area of 647,500 km² and has a population of around 29,117,000 people living there.
10. The Central African Republic
The central African Republic is a country located in Africa. It is the 10th largest country among the list of largest landlocked countries with an area of 752,612 km square. It mainly shares its boundaries with 6 countries which also include Cameroon, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo, and Sudan. C.A.R has a total population of 422,000 people as per the recent study.
Landlocked countries have many advantages and disadvantages. These countries are relatively well-sheltered from adverse weather effects caused by oceans such as tsunamis and hurricanes and the ability to monitor goods coming into or leaving the country through the borders. Landlocked countries are safe from invasions by sea. However, these countries especially developing ones have challenges in the importation and exportation of goods forcing them to rely on their connected neighbors. Transport costs and customs duties become expensive for landlocked countries. To access the coastline, landlocked countries are forced to maintain friendly relations with countries with coastlines even when they do not agree.
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