The List of More Than 40 Landlocked Countries in the World Today
What is a landlocked country?
The first thing one should consider before digging deeper into a topic is to know what it is. So what is a landlocked country? A landlocked country or landlocked state is a sovereign state that does not have territory connected to an ocean or whose coastlines lie on endorheic basins, as defined by ctad.com.
How Many Countries are Landlocked?
There are currently 49 countries (including five partially recognized states) that are completely surrounded by at least one other country. With the exception of two countries in South America (Bolivia and Paraguay), the rest of these countries are found in Africa, Europe, and Asia.
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The List of landlocked countries in the world
This is a list of a total of more than 40 landlocked countries in the world.
Country or Territory Area(km2) Surrounding countries
Afghanistan 652,230 Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China, Pakistan
Andorra 468 France, Spain
Armenia 29,743 Iran, Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan
Austria 83,871 Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Liechtenstein, Switzerland
Azerbaijan 86,600 Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Turkey
Belarus 207,600 Poland, Lithuania, Russia, Ukraine, Latvia
Bhutan 38,394 India, China
Bolivia 1,098,581 Peru, Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay
Botswana 582,000 Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa
Burkina Faso 274,222 Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast
Burundi 27,834 Rwanda, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Central African Republic 622,984 Chad, Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, South Sudan
Chad 1,284,000 Libya, Niger, Sudan, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Cameroon
Czech Republic 78,867 Austria, Germany, Poland, Slovakia
Ethiopia 1,104,300 Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan
Hungary 93,028 Austria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine
Kazakhstan 2,724,900 China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
Kosovo 10,908 Albania, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia
Kyrgyzstan 199,951 China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
Laos 236,800 Myanmar, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand
Lesotho 30,355 South Africa
Liechtenstein 160 Switzerland, Austria
Luxembourg 2,586 Belgium, Germany, France
Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.) 25,713 Kosovo, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, Albania
Malawi 118,484 Zambia, Tanzania, Mozambique
Mali 1,240,192 Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Senegal, Mauritania
Moldova 33,846 Romania, Ukraine
Mongolia 1,566,500 China, Russia
Artsakh 11,458 Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran
Nepal 147,181 China, India
Niger 1,267,000 Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Algeria
Paraguay 406,752 Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia
Rwanda 26,338 Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo
San Marino 61 Italy
Serbia 88,361 Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania(viaKosovo and Metohija[c])
Slovakia 49,035 Austria, Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine, Hungary
South Ossetia 3,900 Georgia, Russia
South Sudan 619,745 Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic
Swaziland 17,364 Mozambique, South Africa
Switzerland 41,284 France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Austria, Italy
Tajikistan 143,100 Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China
Transnistria 4,163 Moldova, Ukraine
Turkmenistan 488,100 Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Iran
Uganda 241,038 Kenya, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania
Uzbekistan 449,100 Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan
Vatican City 0.44 Italy
West Bank 5,655 Israel, Jordan
Zambia 752,612 Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Angola
Zimbabwe 390,757 South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, Mozambique
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