Top 10 Natural Wonders of Canada Today
Natural Wonders of Canada. Photo: KnowInsiders

From the stunning Moraine Lake to the popular Niagara Falls to the white-capped Rockies, the natural wonders of Canada are what make the globe's second-biggest country a true treasure.

Walk among colossal cedars, marvel at aurora borealis, or just spend some peaceful moments on the water at any one of these natural wonders.

The List of 10 Charming Natural Wonders of Canada

1. Niagara Falls, Ontario

2. The Canadian Rockies, British Columbia/Alberta

3. The Cabot Trail, Nova Scotia

4. Haida Gwaii – British Columbia

5. Northern Lights

6. Nahanni National Park Reserve, Northwest Territories

7. Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland

8. Ellesmere Island, Nunavut

9. Hopewell Rocks – New Brunswick

10. Moraine Lake, Alberta

Which are the 10 Breathtaking Natural Wonders of Canada?

1. Niagara Falls, Ontario

Photo: TEC
Photo: TEC

Straddling the border between Canada and the United States, Niagara Falls churns 7,500 bathtubs worth of water over its brink every second, making it the world’s second largest waterfall by volume. It’s not as high as Angel Falls nor as wide as Victoria Falls, but, thanks to the Great Lakes that feed it, it’s much wetter. Niagara Falls creates a constant mist, a deafening roar and an eternal rainbow that shifts between the two countries.

The spectacle is mesmerizing, and it’s easy to understand why this wonder of nature has drawn daredevils, honeymooners and tourists for the past 200 years. When you’ve had your fill of water, there are lots of other things to do in Niagara Falls like head to some of the 160 wineries on the Niagara Peninsula, go for a hike in Niagara Glen, or browse the boutiques in charming Niagara-on-the-Lake.

2. The Canadian Rockies, British Columbia/Alberta

Photo: du lịch Canada
Photo: du lịch Canada

The Canadian Rockies are a network of mountains that extends over 1200 km from British Columbia to Alberta. The Canadian Rockies are known for their subalpine valleys, amazing waterfalls, turquoise lakes, and rich wildlife. The dazzling peaks of the Canadian Rockies rise to 14000 feet in height in most areas. This mountain range also includes five amazing national parks – Banff, Jasper, Yoho, Waterton, and Kootenay.

The Banff national park in Alberta province is the oldest national park of Canada, established in 1885. The park encompasses 6641 acres of the Canadian Rockies. The town of Banff is the highest town in Canada, located at an elevation of 4537 feet. The 20537-meter long Castleguard cave system is also located in Banff Park. It is the largest cave system in Canada. The Banff Park is also home to thousands of glaciers, endangered woodland caribou, and glacier-fed lakes.

Spanning over 2,774,500 acres the Jasper National Park is the largest national park in the Canadian Rockies. Established in 1907 Jasper National Park is one of the oldest national parks in Canada and a world heritage site. The park includes alpine meadows, forests, mountains, deep valleys, glaciers, and 615 miles long hiking trails. The 3747 meters high Mount Columbia in the park is the highest mountain in Alberta. Jasper Park offers many activities such as hiking, camping, horseback riding, and rafting.

The Yoho National Park in Canadian Rockies is known for its amazing waterfalls and glacial lakes. The park has 400 km long hiking trails, 61 lakes, and 28 amazing mountain peaks that rise to more than 3000 meters in height. The Burgess Shale, one of the most significant fossil discoveries also located in this park. This fossil field dates back to 505 million years. Mostly all parts of soft-bodied animals that lived in the Cambrian period (505 million years ago) were well-preserved in this field. It provided great opportunities for scientists to make a deep understanding of the evolution of life on Earth.

The Kootenay National Park located in Southeastern British Columbia is named after the Kootenay River flow through the park. Covering over 1406 square kilometers of land the Kootenay Park contains hot springs, beautiful landscapes, valleys, sedimentary rocks, and impressive mountains.

With the extensive network of trails in the parklets, the visitors explore the scenic landscapes, lakes, and glaciers. The radium hot springs are one of the main attractions of the park. The waters of radium hot springs have the presence of radioactive element Radon and the hot springs were also named after this element.

The Waterton Lakes National Park in Alberta province is the smallest National Park in Canadian Rockies. Comparing to the other four national parks in the Canadian Rockies the Waterton Park only covers an area of 480.6 square kilometers. The park is home to some of the ancient mountains of the Canadian Rockies, grasslands, evergreen forests, and rich wildlife.

The park is named after Waterton Lake located on the international border between Canada and U.S. The lake has two parts – Upper Waterton Lake and Lower Waterton Lake. Lower Waterton Lake lies on the Canadian side. The park features 45 different types of habitat types in total including shrublands, wetlands, grasslands, and lakes. The rich wildlife and vegetation are also found in Waterton Park. The park protects more than 60 species of mammals, 24 species of fishes, 250 species of birds, 10 species of reptiles, and 1000 species of vascular plants.

3. The Cabot Trail, Nova Scotia

Photo: That Backpacker
Photo: That Backpacker

Considered one of North America’s most scenic drives, The Cabot Trail winds 298 km around Cape Breton, an island off the coast of Nova Scotia. It rolls over rounded hills, and through lush valleys and Cape Breton Highlands National Park, often hugging the coast with dramatic views of the Atlantic Ocean and rugged beaches below.

Every autumn, The Cabot Trail’s fall colors wow when the island’s forests of sugar maples, yellow birch, American beech, and tamaracks turn into a quilt of vivid red, purple, orange, yellow, and green. Not only are leaf peepers rewarded at every turn with postcard vistas that rival Vermont’s, but there are also plenty of other things to do in Cape Breton including scenic strolls, sampling craft beer, or staying at a cozy inn.

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4. Haida Gwaii – British Columbia

Photo: Steppes Travel
Photo: Steppes Travel

Once known as the Queen Charlotte Islands, this dagger-shaped archipelago 80km (50 mi) off British Columbia's coast is a magical trip for those who make it. Colossal spruce and cedars cloak the wild, rain-sodden landscape. Bald eagles and bears roam the ancient forest, while sea lions and orcas cruise the waters. But the islands' real soul is the resurgent Haida people, best known for their war-canoe and totem-pole carvings. See the lot at Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve, which combines lost villages, burial caves and hot springs with some of the continent's best kayaking.

5. Northern Lights

Photo: The Mirror
Photo: The Mirror

Canada has a lot of middle-of-nowhere, high-latitude places, from the Labrador coast to Arctic villages. They may not seem like much during the day, but at night, drapes of green, yellow, aqua, violet and other polychromatic hues flicker and dance across the sky. Traditionally, some Inuit peoples believed the northern lights (aka the aurora borealis) were the spirits of hunted animals, while others feared they were the lanterns of demons chasing lost souls. Seen from September to March, darker skies make the coldest winter months the best for viewing.

6. Nahanni National Park Reserve, Northwest Territories

Photo Cottage Life
Photo Cottage Life

From the top of the Ram Plateau, a table of dolomite rock surrounded by the Mackenzie Mountains, you’d be forgiven for thinking you were in the Grand Canyon. Here in Nahanni National Park Reserve, one of Canada’s UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the earth gives way to a series of plunging canyons hemmed in by eroded buttes and mesas that look eerily like the American Southwest.

This incredible landscape is one reason people travel to the Northwest Territories. The other is to raft the South Nahanni, a Canadian Heritage River with rapids, a riverside hot springs, a waterfall twice the height of Niagara Falls, and the chance to see wildlife such as bears, caribou and dall sheep. Add in the towering, jagged peaks that mark the Cirque of the Unclimables, and you’ll want to add the Nahanni to your bucket list.

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7. Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland

Photo: PeakVisor
Photo: PeakVisor

One of Canada’s most iconic views is from the top of Western Brook Pond fjord in Newfoundland. Gazing out you’ll see flat-topped mountains slope into green-robed cliffs that dramatically meet the sea. It looks just like Trolltunga, Norway’s Instagrammable fjord—minus the rock outcrop for dangerous selfies and the grueling 12-hour hike to get there. In Gros Morne, named for the province’s second highest peak, the views are a little more accessible. To get this snap it’s a short walk to the dock, a boat ride to the mouth of the fjord, and a four-hour hike to the top of the gorge—you’ll be back in time for a beer at the pub, and be ready to explore the rest of the park’s incredible landscape the following day.

8. Ellesmere Island, Nunavut

Photo: Britannica
Photo: Britannica

The Ellesmere Island in the Nunavut territory of Canada is the most Northerly Arctic Island in the world. The Island is also one of the most remote places on Earth. The Island is dominated by mountainous areas and most of them are covered in ice caps.

The Island receives only a few human activities because of remoteness and dangerous ice conditions. The average temperature on this Island is just 3 degrees Celsius.

The Northeastern region of Ellesmere Island contains amazing Quttinirpaaq National Park. The park includes a number of glaciers, seven Fjords, and a wide variety of sedimentary and volcanic rocks. The grand land mountains located in the Northern part of the park include a chain of sedimentary rocks, date back to 1 billion years. The majority of glaciers in the park are also located in the grand land mountains.

It is very difficult to see vegetation in such a high Arctic region as Ellesmere Island. The Arctic willows are the only species that are mainly found on Ellesmere Island. Unsurprisingly the animal population is also very less on this island due to the sparsity of vegetation. Muskoxen, Arctic hare, and caribou are the only species found in Ellesmere Island.

9. Hopewell Rocks – New Brunswick

Photo: LonelyPlanet
Photo: LonelyPlanet

The Hopewell Rocks are bizarre sandstone erosion formations known as “flowerpots,” rising from the ocean floor. They resemble giant arches, stone mushrooms and animals. Many come to marvel at their Dr. Seussian look, making the rocks New Brunswick's top attraction and certainly one of its most crowded.

You can only walk amid the rocks at low tide; at high tide, the rock towers are still visible from the well-trafficked trails that wind through the woods above, or you can join a kayaking tour to bob around them.

10. Moraine Lake, Alberta

Photo: GoodFon
Photo: GoodFon

While Lake Louise has had its fair share of the limelight, just south is less crowded (and arguably more beautiful) Moraine Lake. Set in the rugged Valley of Ten Peaks, this vivid turquoise lake is the centerpiece amid jagged mountains, waterfalls, and rock piles. Its color is the result of “rock flour”, caused by rocks grinding underneath ice as the nearby glacier moves. When the fine flour reaches the lake, it reflects sunlight to create an unreal shade of blue.

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