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Photo: Worldatlas

Below is a list of the top 9 dairy producing countries in the world that KnowInsider wants to share with you. Stay tuned to explore!

USA (91.3 billion kilograms)

Although the cows' milk production has increased by 1.76 liters per cow, the country is at number two globally in terms of all milk, but number one in cows' milk production, as in India a significant portion of milk production comes from buffaloes.

California, Wisconsin, Idaho, New York, and Pennsylvania are the major states producing cows' milk in the United States of America. Many of the larger dairy farms in the US have more than 15,000 cows each. However, many small farms with less than 30 cows each also contribute significantly to the overall cows' milk production. Besides a massive domestic demand for cheese, milk, and other dairy products, the country also exports its cow milk and its milk products in large quantities to a large number of other countries all around the world as well. Some of these are Mexico, Saudi Arabia, several in Southeast Asia, Canada, Taiwan, and China.

India (60.6 billion kilograms)

If you base it on just cow's milk alone, India is second only to the United States. If you base it on both cows, buffaloes, and other mammal species, then India is definitely number 1 within the world. Indeed, India actually accounts for 9.5% of all milk consumed within the world. The economic implications of India being so large do not end there either, because they are also the world's largest consumer of milk as well.

China (35.7 billion kilograms)

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A big dairy farm in China. Photo: By Dairy Global

The Asian country is a world leader in terms of cows' milk production, sitting at the number three position. It exports its milk only to a few Asian countries. The country is now heavily investing in building a 100,000-cow dairy farm to export milk to Russia, as Russia has decided to largely stop its milk imports from the countries of the European Union. According to speculations, the Chinese farm is three times bigger than the largest dairy farm in the United States of America.

Brazil (34.3 billion kilograms)

Brazil was a large importer of dairy in the past, but now they are at the top of the list as a male producer for a number of reasons, including the fact that they enjoy a very close relationship with India. The connection is very strong because they have a large breed of a cattle called “Gir” that are very valuable the nation of India.

Germany (31.1 billion kilograms)

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A dairy farm in Germany. Photo: Mixer Direct

With more than 4.2 million dairy cows, Germany is at the top of the milk producers in the European Union, and the fifth globally. There is a large difference in herd sizes in the country. Eastern and Western Germany alike account for significant proportions of the German cows' milk production. However, some of the challenges faced by German dairy farmers are increasing land prices and a deficit of qualified laborers.

Russia (30.3 billion kilograms)

Russia is at number six using strictly traditional dairy technology. Milk production continues to stabilize throughout all the years, with Moscow as the main consuming region within the country. Russia's dairy industry is working to develop better milk production standards, and are presently building an immense dairy farm in China.

France (23.7 billion kilograms)

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A French dairy farm. Photo: Mixer Direct

The dairy industry is of immense importance in France, with more than 70,000 dairy farms producing cows' milk there. It is Europe’s second largest producer of cow milk, second only to neighboring Germany. It has more than 3.6 million dairy cows, and a wide variety of cows' milk processing facilities. Most of the produced milk is converted into milk products like cheese and milk powder. France mainly exports the parts of its milk products not consumed domestically to Italy and Germany.

New Zealand (18.9 billion kilograms)

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A dairy farm in New Zealand. Photo: Mixer Direct

New Zealand currently has 5 million dairy cows, with an average herd size that is continuing to rise. New Zealand has a North Island and a South Island, and most dairy farms are on the North Island (about 73% of them, in fact). The country produces milk products such as cream, butter, cheese, and milk powder and they export them to such countries as Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Bangladesh, Thailand, Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea. The citizens of New Zealand are also highly conscious of the possibility of climate change, so they are adapting their milk-producing technology to allow for that.

Turkey (16.7 billion kilograms)

Turkey is an up-and-coming country in the field of dairy production, as seen from the fact that they continue to improve their lactation standards and they now have a higher amount of cattle to choose from. Their cow milk production is heavily concentrated around the cities of Izmir, Balıkesir, Aydın, Çanakkale, Denizli, Konya, Edirne, Manisa, Tekirdağ, Burdur, and Bursa. Turkey has seen a brisk British trade with trading with many partners within the European Union.

Cow milk- One of Dairy products

Cow milk is a nutritious liquid and known to be consumed by humankind for centuries. Its consumption had probably started with the domestication of the cow. Nowadays, milk is processed before packaging to ensure that harmful bacteria in the milk are killed.

Apart from being popular as a beverage, cows' milk is used to make a large number of products, including cheese, cream, butter, yogurt, liquid milk, ice cream, whey protein, and many more. In cows' milk's raw state, more than 87 percent of its chemical composition is water, while the other 13% consists of such dietary components as butterfat, whey and casein proteins, lactose (milk carbohydrates/sugars), and ash (vitamins and minerals).

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