Top 15 Historical & Cultural Monuments Destroyed By War
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Wars or terrorist attacks have, over the course of history, caused significant damage to a great number of historic buildings, as well as religious and architectural landmarks. As a direct result of this, we are squandering our inheritance in terms of both culture and spirituality.
Every war and terrorist assault has resulted in the destruction of historical places; the following is a list of beautiful monuments that have been destroyed by war.
KnowInsiders.com experts discovered two countries devastated by wars and conflicts and destroyed many historical and cultural sites, most notably Syria and Iraq.
Top 15 Cultural and Historical Sites In the World That Were Destroyed By War
|Citadel of Aleppo in Syria|
The Citadel of Aleppo is the largest medieval fortified palaces in existence, and it dates all the way back to the third millennium BC. The palace was occupied by a number of different empires, such as the Greeks, the Byzantines, the Ayyubids, and the Mamluks. During the time of the Ayyubid dynasty, the vast majority of the building's construction was carried out.
The UNESCO world heritage site was destroyed in the year of August 2012 during the Battle of Aleppo, which was a part of the Syrian Civil War. The citadel's outer gates were damaged after being shelled during a clash between the Free Syrian Army and the Syrian Army in order to take control of the city. The battle took place in Aleppo.
2.Ancient City of Bosra, Syria
The Roman province of Arabia's former capital, the Ancient City of Bosra, contained significant locations along the prehistoric caravan route to Mecca. Tourists enjoy it for its stunning Roman theater. The city is about 140 kilometers south of Damascus and 40 kilometers east of Daraa.
The UNESCO world heritage site has been inhabited for 2500 years and is essentially unaltered in all circumstances. During the recent wars in Syria, the ancient city has suffered significant damage. With the aid of gunfire and mortar fire, the monuments are destroyed.
One of the most significant cultural centers of the ancient world, Palmyra is described by UNESCO as "an oasis in the Syrian desert, north-east of Damascus. Palmyra contains the monumental ruins of a great city."
Standing at the nexus of several civilizations, Palmyra's art and architecture from the first to second centuries combined Graeco-Roman techniques with regional customs and Persian influences.
The Temple of Baalshamin, Monumental Arch, and Tower of Elahbel were among the numerous significant archaeological sites that the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) destroyed during the 2015 Syrian civil war.
Syrian forces discovered that some of Palmyra's structures had been spared from destruction after being driven from the historic site. Plans were then made to rebuild the heritage site's damaged areas.
In Trafalgar Square in London, a replica of Palmyra's destroyed Arc of Triumph was erected in 2016. This made reference to the damaged ancient city's reconstruction in the ensuing years.
2020 saw the creation of a three-dimensional digital model of Palmyra by Russian experts, who have since started restoration work with assistance from UNESCO and the Department of Antiquities and Museums in Syria.
4.Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque, Syria
Al-Walid ibn Khalid Mosque is a mosque in Syria that is well-known for its Turkish and Ottoman architectural designs. It is in Syria's Homs and was made in honor of Khalid Ibn al-Walid.
The mosque is situated in the rebels' front line, so the Syrian army initially captured it but later returned it after causing further damage to the mosque. It is one of the stunning historical structures that war has destroyed.
5.Krak des Chevaliers, Syria
Until it was damaged during the Syrian civil war, Krak des Chevaliers, also known as Crac des Chevaliers, in al-Akrd, and originally known as Crac de Hospital, was a crusader castle located in Syria and regarded as one of the best-preserved medieval castles in the world.
The Syrian army and rebels are all to blame for the castle's damage, regardless of the extent of the damage, which is still unknown. It was referred to as Hisn al Akrad, which translates to "Castles of the Kurds," after the eleventh century.
6.Bel at Palmyra, Syria
Temple of Bel is also known as the “Temple of Baal” is an ancient temple situated in Palmyra, Syria.
It was attacked and destroyed by the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, or ISIS in the year 2015.
7.Great Mosque of Samarra, Iraq
The Great Mosque of Samarra is a stunning mosque dating back to the ninth century and is located in Samarra, Iraq. Al-Mutawakkil, the Abbasid caliph who ruled from 847 to 861 in Samarra, began construction on the building in 851. This location, within the 15,058-hectare Samarra Archaeological City, is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The 52-meter-high and 33-meter-wide mosque is shaped like a spiraling cone. Airstrikes in 2005 partially damaged and destroyed the upper portion of the mosque. It is thought that the mosque's distinctive design is a product of Mesopotamian ziggurat architecture.
8.Jonah Tomb, Iraq
The Mosque of the prophet Jonah, who is the son of Amittai, was constructed on the mounds of Nineveh's ruins. The Assyrian Church, known as Jonah's Tomb and thought to be the location of Jonah's burial, has been replaced by the mosque.
Both Muslims and Hindus regard the location as important.
ISIS destroyed the location in 2014, claiming it was a disaffected location and not a place of worship.
In Iraq, 30 kilometers south of Mosul is where you'll find the ancient city of Nimrud. Between roughly 1350 BC and 610 BC, the city was a significant Assyrian city. It was formerly known as Kalhu, and excavations began in the 19th century. Many priceless items, including artifacts and 613 pieces of gold jewelry, have been uncovered.
even some of the earliest recorded instances of writing. Additionally, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its enormous Lamassu sculptures. ISIS has destroyed the city after seizing control of the Iraqi military.
10.Gates of Nineveh, Iraq
|Gates of Nineveh, Iraq|
The ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh is one of the oldest monument dating back to the seventh century B.C. It was historically guarded by walls and multiple gates. ISIS destroyed Adad Gate and the Mashki Gate as a part of its campaign against cultural sites and relics.
11.Buddha of Bamyan, Afghanistan
One of Afghanistan's most visited sights was the Buddhas of Bamiyan. At a height of 2,500 meters, the monument was carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamyan valley in central Afghanistan. The eastern structure is thought to have been built around 570 AD, and the western one was built around 618 AD, according to carbon dating.
The valley is situated close to the Silk Road, 230 kilometers from Kabul. The Taliban destroyed the building in March 2001.
The city was governed by the ancient Greeks before being taken over by the Romans, and it is now a part of Shahhat, Libya. The name of one of the most significant ancient Greek cities comes from the Kyre spring, which the Greeks dedicated to Apollo. It is also referred to as the "Athens of Africa" and it is thought that the city was founded in 630 BC.
Before the country's civil war broke out, the UNESCO world heritage sites were among the best preserved; however, a 3rd-century viaduct, the necropolis complex, and about 200 tombs were destroyed.
13.Old City of Dubrovnik, Croatia
A seaport and the administrative hub of the Dubrovnik-Neretva County, the Old City of Dubrovnik is a city in southern Croatia and one of the most well-known tourist destinations in the Mediterranean Sea.
The city was founded in the seventh century, when Slavs and Romans settled along the Adriatic Sea coast. It was a significant trading force by the 19th century, but the Yugoslav Wars caused severe damage to the city in 1991 and 1992. A seaport and the administrative hub of the Dubrovnik-Neretva County, the Old City of Dubrovnik is a city in southern Croatia and one of the most well-known tourist destinations in the Mediterranean Sea.
The city was founded in the seventh century, when Slavs and Romans settled along the Adriatic Sea coast. It was a significant trading force by the 19th century, but the Yugoslav Wars caused severe damage to the city in 1991 and 1992.
14.Vijecnica (City Hall) of Sarajevo, Bosnia
Vijecnica, also referred to as Sarajevo City Hall, is located in Sarajevo. The city was skillfully planned by the Czech architect Karel Park, but he was forced to abandon the project after Baron Benjamin Kallay's criticisms.
The city was invaded by women in 1992, which resulted in the destruction of nearly two million books; however, the world rallies to support its restoration, and it was later made accessible to the public in 2014.
15.Djinguereber Mosque of Timbuktu, Mali
The Djinguereber Mosque, also known as Djingareyber or Djingarey Ber in different languages, is a well-known educational facility that was finished in 1327. When the militant Ansar Dine group attacked the city in 2012, the mosque sustained minor damage.
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