Top 10 Most Breathtaking Mountains In The US for Discovery
|How Many Mountains Are There In The U.S?|
|What Are The Tallest Mountains on Earth: Mount Everest, Chimborazo or Mauna Kea|
|Top 10 most beautiful mountains in the world - Photo: KnowInsiders.com|
Hikers and mountain climbers from all over the world flock to the United States specifically for its diverse mountain ranges.
Some climbers aim to gain experience on icy cliffs before attempting more difficult terrain abroad, while others merely wish to admire these sights from their camps.
These top 10 beautiful mountains in the United States are sure to inspire wanderlust in any aspiring hiker or seasoned K-2 summiter.
What Are The Most Beautiful Mountains in the US
(Top 10 - Ranked by KnowInsiders)
10. Mauna Kea, Hawaii
On the Big Island of Hawaii, Mauna Kea is a dormant volcano that last erupted about 4,000 years ago. Mauna Kea, the world's tallest sea mountain, rises 13,796 feet above sea level and more than 33,000 feet above the ocean's surface.
The largest optical, infrared, and submillimeter astronomy observatory in the world is located on Mauna Kea's summit. 13 telescopes are being used by research groups from eleven different nations atop Mauna Kea.
In Hawaiian mythology, Poli'ahu, the snow goddess, resides on Mauna Kea. The summit was once thought to be the domain of the gods and was kapu (forbidden) to everyone but the highest chiefs and priests.
There are a few things you should be aware of before starting the climb up the mountain. It is advised against taking anyone over the height of the Onizuka Center for International Astronomy Visitor Information Station (VIS), which is 9,200 feet, including children under the age of 16, pregnant women, and people in poor health.
9. Mount Washington, New Hampshire
At 6,288.2 feet (1,916.6 meters), Mount Washington, also known as Agiocochook by some Native American tribes, is the highest peak in the Northeastern United States and the most prominent mountain topographically east of the Mississippi River.
The mountain is infamous for having unpredictable weather. The Mount Washington Observatory measured a windspeed of 231 miles per hour (372 km/h) at the summit on the afternoon of April 12, 1934, which held the world record from 1934 to 1996. For the highest measured wind speed not connected to a tornado or tropical cyclone, Mount Washington continues to hold the record.
The mountain is situated in Coös County, New Hampshire, within the Presidential Range of the White Mountains. The summit of the mountain is located in the township of Sargent's Purchase, but the mountain's slopes are located within the boundaries of several unincorporated townships. While the White Mountain National Forest covers almost the entire mountain, Mount Washington State Park is located on 60.3 acres (24.4 ha) that surrounds and includes the summit.
Both the Mount Washington Auto Road and the Mount Washington Cog Railway ascend the mountain's western and eastern slopes, respectively. Hikers frequent the mountain, and the Appalachian Trail passes through its summit. Other popular pastimes include backcountry skiing, gliding, and yearly cycling and running competitions like the Auto Road Bicycle Hillclimb and Road Race.
8. Mount Katahdin, Maine
|Photo: The Dyrt|
Mount Katahdin is the highest mountain in the U.S. state of Maine at 5,269 feet (1,606 m). Named Katahdin, which means "The Greatest Mountain", by the Penobscot Native Americans, it is within Northeast Piscataquis, Piscataquis County, and is the centerpiece of Baxter State Park. It is a steep, tall massif formed from a granite intrusion weathered to the surface. The flora and fauna on the mountain are typical of those found in northern New England.
Native Americans in the area were aware of Katahdin, and Europeans had been aware of it since at least 1689. It has served as an inspiration for walks, climbs, diaries, paintings, and a piano sonata. Beginning in the 1930s, Governor Percival Baxter established a protection zone around the peak. The Appalachian Trail's northern terminus, Katahdin, is close to a section known as the Hundred-Mile Wilderness.
The National Park Service designated Mount Katahdin as a National Natural Landmark in 1967.
Although the mountain is frequently referred to as simply "Katahdin," the US Board on Geographic Names decided to call it "Mount Katahdin" in 1893.
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7. Mount Mitchell, North Carolina
The dramatic summit of Mount Mitchell, which rises to a height of 6,684 feet and is the highest point east of the Mississippi, is one of those locations that stands out from the ordinary and served as the model for one of the country's first state parks. The spruce-fir forest of Mount Mitchell State Park leads the eye to unmatched views from its conveniently located observation deck.
The mountain's cultural and natural history are explained in a museum, and its trail system allows visitors to explore up close with easy hikes close to the summit and difficult treks leading to nearby wilderness areas.
In the warm months, a nine-site tent campground is open, and there are numerous backpacking options nearby, including access to the Mountains-to-Sea State Trail. From May to October, a full-service restaurant and a concession area cater to visitors.
6. Mount Elbert, Colorado
The highest mountain in Colorado has five different ascent routes. The North Mt. Elbert Trailhead, located just outside of Leadville, is where the traditional route via the Northeast Ridge starts. From U.S. 24, take Colorado 300 west and cross the railroad tracks to get to the trailhead. Turn left onto Lake County Road 11 and proceed about 0.7 miles to Halfmoon Creek. Turn right toward the Halfmoon Creek Campground after traveling 1.2 miles, then continue on the dirt road (2WD with washboard and potholes) for another 5 miles to reach the North Mt. Elbert Trailhead. There are restrooms located on the grounds of the sizable parking lot on the left side of the street.
Samuel Elbert, a Colorado territorial governor from 1873 to 1874 and a 12-year Colorado State Supreme Court justice, is honored by the mountain's 14,440-foot name. Henry W. Stuckle, a member of the Hayden Geological Survey, climbed Mount Elbert for the first time in history in 1874. Since then, it has allegedly been accomplished by mule, horse, ATV, and even jeep!
As absurd as it may seem now, there was a movement in the 1970s among some who believed that Mt. Massive, a neighbor to Elbert's north at 14,428 feet, was more deserving of the title of Colorado's tallest mountain. The group reportedly started a campaign to stack rocks at the summit in an effort to increase the mountain's height. Those who wanted to maintain the status quo would occasionally go to Mount Massive and destroy the large cairn. The pro-Massive group eventually gave up after realizing their mission was futile at some point.
5. Magazine Mountain, Arkansas
|Photo: Arkansas State Parks|
Mount Magazine, at 2,753 feet, is the highest point in Arkansas and the pinnacle of the state park experience. Even though there is a lot to see and do from this unusual location, most visitors come for the expansive views alone. Within the Ozark-St. Francis National Forests, Mount Magazine State Park is a destination for relaxation, exploration, and nature study.
Mountain biking, horseback riding, backpacking, and ATV riding are popular outdoor activities there. The most spectacular location for technical rock climbing in the state park system is Mount Magazine, one of only two parks with hang gliding launch sites. The amenities also include picnic areas, pavilions, visitor centers with gift shops, hiking trails, scenic overlooks, and picnic areas. The diversity of the mountain's natural features is highlighted by a wide range of programs led by park interpreters.
60 guest rooms, Skycrest Restaurant, a conference center, a business center, an indoor heated pool, a fitness center, and a game room are available at The Lodge at Mount Magazine. The lodge offers stunning views of the Petit Jean River Valley and Blue Mountain Lake in the distance from its location on the mountain's south bluff. The lodge is a top choice for romantic getaways, weddings, conferences, and corporate retreats thanks to its exquisite setting and top-notch amenities. Three meeting rooms can be created out of the conference space, or it can be opened up to accommodate up to 192 guests in banquet-style seating. The Skycrest Restaurant has 125 seats total.
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4. Mount Whitney, California
|Photo: La Jolla Light|
With an elevation of 14,505 feet (4,421 m), Mount Whitney (Paiute: Too-man-i-goo-yah) is the highest mountain in the Sierra Nevada and the contiguous United States. It is located in East-Central California, on the border of Inyo and Tulare counties, 84.6 miles (136.2 km) west-northwest of Badwater Basin in Death Valley National Park, which is 282 feet (86 m) below sea level and is North America's lowest point.
The John Muir Trail, which extends from Happy Isles in Yosemite Valley over a distance of 211.9 miles (341.0 km), ends at the mountain's summit, which is located at the southern end of Sequoia National Park. Inyo County's Inyo National Forest contains the eastern slopes.
3. Denali (Mount McKinley), Alaska
The highest mountain peak in North America, Denali, also referred to as Mount McKinley, has a summit elevation of 20,310 feet (6,190 m) above sea level. Denali is the third-most prominent and third-most isolated peak on Earth, behind Mount Everest and Aconcagua, with a topographic prominence of 20,194 feet (6,155 m) and a topographic isolation of 4,621.1 miles (7,436.9 km). Denali is the focal point of Denali National Park and Preserve, which is situated in the interior of the U.S. state of Alaska in the Alaska Range.
The mountain's peak has been referred to as "Denali" for centuries by the Koyukon people who live in the region nearby. In 1896, a gold prospector gave it the name "Mount McKinley" in support of William McKinley, who was running for president at the time. From 1917 to 2015, the federal government of the United States used that name as its official designation. The official name of the mountain was changed to Denali by the US Department of the Interior in August 2015, 40 years after Alaska had done so.
2. Mount Rainier, Washington
Mount Rainier, which rises to a height of 14,410 feet above sea level, is a prominent feature of the Washington landscape. Mount Rainier, an active volcano, is the most glaciated peak in the contiguous United States and the source of five significant rivers. The icy volcano is surrounded by subalpine wildflower meadows, and Mount Rainier's lower slopes are covered in ancient forest. In the ecosystems of the park, wildlife is abundant. A lifetime of learning is in store.
The Pacific Ocean, altitude, and latitude all have significant effects on the weather patterns at Mount Rainier. Summer highs average in the 60s and 70s, and the climate is typically cool and rainy. The sunniest months of the year are July and August, but rain is possible every day and very likely in spring, fall, and winter.
Visitors should be aware that the weather can change quickly in the mountains. Any time of the year can have wet, chilly weather. Summer can also be wet and cool, though late July and August are typically the driest and warmest months of the year. Long into mid-July, snow will still be present at elevations of 5,000 to 8,000 feet.
1. Grand Teton, Wyoming
|Grand Teton - Photo: Shutterstock|
Northwestern Wyoming is home to Grand Teton National Park, an American national park. The Teton Range's major peaks, which stretch 40 miles (64 km) in length, as well as the majority of the valley known as Jackson Hole's northern sections, are all included in the park's estimated 310,000 acres (480 sq mi; 130,000 ha; 1,300 km2) size.
Yellowstone National Park is only 10 miles (16 km) south of Grand Teton National Park, and the National Park Service-run John D. Rockefeller Jr. Memorial Parkway connects the two parks. These three protected areas make up the nearly 18,000,000-acre (7,300,000 ha) Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, one of the largest intact mid-latitude temperate ecosystems in the world, along with nearby national forests.
The first nomadic hunter-gatherer Paleo-Indians moved into the area during the warmer months in search of food and supplies, beginning the region's human history that goes back at least 11,000 years. The eastern Shoshone people were first encountered by white explorers in the early 19th century. The area attracted fur trading firms that competed for control of the lucrative beaver pelt trade between 1810 and 1840. As a branch of its exploration in Yellowstone, the U.S. Government began sending expeditions to the area in the middle of the 19th century. The first permanent white settlers in Jackson Hole arrived there in the 1880s.
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