Malaysian National Anthem: Bahasa Lyrics, English Version and History
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The national anthem of Malaysia was created in 1957 and the selection of the song was made by the former Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah. The rhythm of the “Negaraku” was quoted from the rhythm of the state anthem of Perak. The state anthem of Perak had the original idea of the song “Terang Bulan” which is a song favoured by Sultan Abdullah, the Sultan of Perak, while he was in exile on the island of Seychelles.
To advance as a country, "Negaraku" stresses loyalty and solidarity. This tune is meant to inspire a deeper sense of national pride and loyalty. While the country was getting ready to celebrate Independence Day, the idea to write a national anthem emerged. On August 31, 1957, the date of independence proclamation, the national song shall be played.
As a result, a contest to write a national anthem was held in February 1957. Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj headed the Special Committee of the National Anthem Selection (JKPLK), which ultimately decided against the four songs that had made it to the final round. Instead, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj suggested using the Anthem of Perak as the basis for a new national anthem for Malaysia. The rest of JKPLK was in favor of the idea as well.
Alfonso Soliano (leader of the Radio Orchestra of Malaya), D.S.P Croff (music director of the Royal Police Band), Captain Lenthall (music director of the Malay Military Band in Port Dickson), and A. T. Reed composed the music for the song "Negaraku" (General Director of Radio Malaya). The Malay Sultans unanimously approved the words to the national anthem, "Negaraku," which were penned by a Special Committee directed by Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj.
In the early hours of August 31, 1957, at the Selangor Club field, the first rendition of the national song, "Negaraku," was performed. The Union Jack was taken down and the flag of the Malay Peninsula raised that night as the national song, "Negaraku," was played. From this point forward, "Negaraku" remained the official national anthem.
Full Lyrics in Original Bahasa Malaysia Words
Negara ku, tanah tumpahnya darah ku
Rakyat hidup bersatu dan maju
Rahmat bahagia, Tuhan kurniakan
Raja kita selamat bertakhta
(repeat previous two lines)
My country, my native land
The people living united and progressive
May God bestow blessing and happiness
May our Ruler have a successful reign
(repeat previous two lines)
The 'Negaraku', it is said, was derived from the Perak state hymn, which had a melodic structure with the keroncong-influenced 'Terang Bulan,' a famous song in Indonesia and Malaya during the 1930s.
This music was also well-known on Mahe, a Seychelles island where an exiled Perak Sultan made his home. When a French band would visit the island, they'd play this song.
Nonetheless, the tune's genesis remains a mystery.
Fun Facts about the Malaysian National Anthem
1.The nation of Malaysia did not have a national anthem when it first gained its freedom. Tunku Abdul Rahman held a contest inviting composers from all around the world to write Malaysia a new national song, and they received 512 submissions. Ultimately, Rahman decided to adapt the tune from the Perak State hymn as the basis for the national anthem of Malaysia.
2.It has been speculated that Pierre Jean Beranger, a French composer, was the inspiration for the tune of the Negara Ku hymn, which translates to "My Country" in Bahasa Malaysia.
3.In 1992, the tempo of the song was changed to give it a livelier march rhythm; however, this proved unpopular with Malaysians, and the original tempo was restored in 2003.
4.In the presence of the King of Malaysia, the longer version of the song is typically played, whereas the Queen of Malaysia and lower-ranking authorities are usually honored with the shorter version.
5.On August 31, 1957, a year after independence was declared, the first time the national anthem was played.
Malaysia Independence Day, also known as National Day or ‘Hari Merdeka’ in Malay is observed on August 31 and commemorates the Malayan Declaration of Independence of 31 August 1957. It is defined in Article 160 of the Constitution of Malaysia as the official independence day when it gained its freedom from the British colonial administration. Usually, the celebrations start from the beginning of August with various programs and national competitions. Owing to the celebrations, the month of August is also known as the National Month.
HOW TO OBSERVE MALAYSIA INDEPENDENCE DAY
Take part in the annual Merdeka Parade
The national day parade is all about decorated cars, royal inspection, flag raising, recitation of the ‘Rukun Negara,’ and cultural and patriotic performances. You can experience the culture of Malaysia by watching the parade live or watch the Merdeka celebrations on TV.
Organize your own activities
You can even organize an event or different activities to inspire the spirit of patriotism and love for the country. A national speech competition, a Merdeka poetry contest, or a photography competition are some ideas to help you get started!
Decorate your homes
Decorate your home and vehicle with flags. Flags and decorations can be seen all over the country. There are even neighborhood decorating competitions, too.
The flag of Malaysia, known as the Jalur Gemilang, has 14 equal-width red and white stripes throughout its length, a dark blue canton in the top left corner, and a crescent and a 14-pointed star in the center of the canton.
Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Negri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Penang, and Terengganu, along with the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur and the Federal Territory of Labuan, are all given equal status in the federation, as depicted by the horizontal stripes.
Bunga Raya - Malaysia's Hibiscus
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The Hibiscus rosa sinensis, with its distinctive five petals, was selected as the most emblematic of all hibiscus species. The Rukunegara, or Five Principles of Nationhood, are represented by the bunga raya's five petals, while the flower's signature red color stands for valor.
The flower is thought to have been traded from its native Far East to Malaysia for the first time before the 12th century.
Bunga raya, the national flower, is widely used for its medical benefits. The juice extracted from the plant's leaves and roots is reported to be beneficial in alleviating skin eruptions and glandular difficulties, while the roots themselves are used as a remedy for fever and other diseases. In addition, the petals were frequently included into cosmetics to deepen and accentuate the color of women's brows.
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