How Many Currencies Are There In The World Today - Full List of Money
How Many Currencies Are There In The World Today - Full List of Money
Table of Content

There are 180 official currencies in circulation in the world, in 193 UN member countries, 2 UN observer states, 9 de facto independent territories, and 33 dependent territories (overseas territories). There are a number of countries that use multiple currencies at the same time, including one official currency and several pegged and recognized currencies.

Euro is used as the main currency in 35 countries and territories around the globe. The US Dollar is used in 10 countries outside and in the US. West African CFA Franc – used in 8 countries and Central African CFA Franc – used in 6 African countries. The East Caribbean Dollar is used primarily in 6 Caribbean countries.

The most traded currency in the world is the US Dollar with about 47% share of the global payments market and 87% of daily turnover in the foreign exchange market. In second place is the Euro with about 23% of daily foreign exchange transactions and 28% of payments through international banks.

The History Of Currencies

The use of currencies began during the ancient agrarian revolution, particularly in Egypt and Mesopotamia. Money at this point was the measure of grain stored in temples. The system was in use for over 1500 years before it collapsed, leading to the rise of metals as a store of value. At this point, gold, silver, and bronze were the metals used as currency. The discovery of the Archimedes' principle ensured that the value of the precious metal in a coin could be determined, which reduced cases of counterfeiting.

Ancient China was the first to use banknotes due to the difficulty of completing major transactions using large quantities of coins. The introduction of coins was also meant to reduce the theft of gold and silver during transit. Coins and banknotes are currently the most widely used forms of currency.

What is Currency?

Currency is the official money of a country. It consists of paper money and coins. Each country has its own form of currency, which is overseen by the Central Bank of that country. From the definition of money above, currency falls under the category of Fiat money.

The current value of a currency/note/coin is not necessarily derived from the materials used to produce the note or coin. Instead, value is derived from the willingness to agree to a displayed value and rely on it for use in future transactions. Currency is a generally recognized medium of exchange that people and global economies intend to hold and are willing to accept as payment for current or future transactions.

How Many Currencies Are There In The World Today - Full List of Money

Photo: jagranjosh
Photo: jagranjosh
Country and currency Currency code Symbol
Albania Lek ALL Lek
Afghanistan Afghani AFN ؋
Argentina Peso ARS $
Aruba Guilder AWG ƒ
Australia Dollar AUD $
Azerbaijan Manat AZN
Bahamas Dollar BSD $
Barbados Dollar BBD $
Belarus Ruble BYN Br
Belize Dollar BZD BZ$
Bermuda Dollar BMD $
Bolivia Bolíviano BOB $b
Bosnia and Herzegovina Convertible Mark BAM KM
Botswana Pula BWP P
Bulgaria Lev BGN лв
Brazil Real BRL R$
Brunei Darussalam Dollar BND $
Cambodia Riel KHR
Canada Dollar CAD $
Cayman Islands Dollar KYD $
Chile Peso CLP $
China Yuan Renminbi CNY ¥
Colombia Peso COP $
Costa Rica Colon CRC
Croatia Kuna HRK kn
Cuba Peso CUP
Czech Republic Koruna CZK
Denmark Krone DKK kr
Dominican Republic Peso DOP RD$
East Caribbean Dollar XCD $
Egypt Pound EGP £
El Salvador Colon SVC $
Euro Member Countries EUR
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Pound FKP £
Fiji Dollar FJD $
Ghana Cedi GHS ¢
Gibraltar Pound GIP £
Guatemala Quetzal GTQ Q
Guernsey Pound GGP £
Guyana Dollar GYD $
Honduras Lempira HNL L
Hong Kong Dollar HKD $
Hungary Forint HUF Ft
Iceland Krona ISK kr
India Rupee INR
Indonesia Rupiah IDR Rp
Iran Rial IRR
Isle of Man Pound IMP £
Israel Shekel ILS
Jamaica Dollar JMD J$
Japan Yen JPY ¥
Jersey Pound JEP £
Kazakhstan Tenge KZT лв
Korea (North) Won KPW
Korea (South) Won KRW
Kyrgyzstan Som KGS лв
Laos Kip LAK
Lebanon Pound LBP £
Liberia Dollar LRD $
Macedonia Denar MKD ден
Malaysia Ringgit MYR RM
Mauritius Rupee MUR
Mexico Peso MXN $
Mongolia Tughrik MNT
Moroccan-dirham MNT د.إ
Mozambique Metical MZN MT
Namibia Dollar NAD $
Nepal Rupee NPR
Netherlands Antilles Guilder ANG ƒ
New Zealand Dollar NZD $
Nicaragua Cordoba NIO C$
Nigeria Naira NGN
Norway Krone NOK kr
Oman Rial OMR
Pakistan Rupee PKR
Panama Balboa PAB B/.
Paraguay Guarani PYG Gs
Peru Sol PEN S/.
Philippines Peso PHP
Poland Zloty PLN
Qatar Riyal QAR
Romania Leu RON lei
Russia Ruble RUB
Saint Helena Pound SHP £
Saudi Arabia Riyal SAR
Serbia Dinar RSD Дин.
Seychelles Rupee SCR
Singapore Dollar SGD $
Solomon Islands Dollar SBD $
Somalia Shilling SOS S
South Korean Won KRW
South Africa Rand ZAR R
Sri Lanka Rupee LKR
Sweden Krona SEK kr
Switzerland Franc CHF CHF
Suriname Dollar SRD $
Syria Pound SYP £
Taiwan New Dollar TWD NT$
Thailand Baht THB ฿
Trinidad and Tobago Dollar TTD TT$
Turkey Lira TRY
Tuvalu Dollar TVD $
Ukraine Hryvnia UAH
UAE-Dirham AED د.إ
United Kingdom Pound GBP £
United States Dollar USD $
Uruguay Peso UYU $U
Uzbekistan Som UZS лв
Venezuela Bolívar VEF Bs
Viet Nam Dong VND
Yemen Rial YER
Zimbabwe Dollar ZWD Z$

How many types of money are there in the world?

The 4 different types of money as classified by economists are commercial money, fiduciary money, fiat money, and commodity money. Money whose value comes from a commodity of which it is made is known as commodity money.

Commercial money

Remember earlier we mentioned the demand for bank credit as a way of keeping track of how much money there is?

This is where commercial bank money comes in. Commercial bank money is money created by high street banks to put into our bank accounts.

Commodity money

Commodity money is goods exchanged for services or money. The goods refer to gold, silver, or other commodities the country may supply to others.

Fiat money

Fiat money is money that’s backed by a government but not by gold or other physical commodities. This is why a country’s economy and political situations often affect the value of its currency.

Fiduciary money

Fiduciary money is the liquid money—including cash, checks, banknotes, or bank drafts—that’s in circulation within a country.

Top 5 most traded currencies in the world

Photo: fxssi
Photo: fxssi

The US dollar accounts for nearly half of global forex trading volume and is also the world's most important reserve currency.

The foreign exchange market is the largest in the world, with an average trading value of $6.6 trillion per day. The following are the 10 most traded currencies in the world, accounting for almost 90% of the total trading volume.

1. United States Dollar (USD)

Issued by the US Federal Reserve (Fed), the US dollar is the country's official currency and the most traded currency globally, accounting for an average daily volume of 2 ,9 trillion USD.

There are several reasons for its popularity. First, the United States is the largest economy in the world and a powerhouse in international trade. Second, the U.S. dollar is the world's primary "reserve currency," held by central and commercial banks for international trading and investment purposes, and is estimated to account for nearly 63 percent of the total reserve currency. foreign exchange reserves. And third, many commodities are priced in USD, including gold, oil and copper.

The value of this currency is mainly influenced by US economic activity and the demand for goods, and in some cases, the economic situation in other countries. Some countries such as Ecuador, Panama and El Salvador also use the US dollar as their official or de facto domestic currency.

2. Euro (EUR)

The euro is the official currency of the European Union (EU) and the second most traded globally, accounting for an average daily volume of nearly $1.1 trillion. It is issued by the European Central Bank (ECB).

The popularity of the euro is mainly due to the size and economic influence of the euro area. This economic union currently includes 19 of the 27 EU countries, but the remaining members of the bloc, excluding Denmark, are required to join according to the Maastricht criteria. The Euro is also the world's 2nd largest reserve currency, accounting for an estimated 20% of global foreign exchange reserves by volume.

The value of the euro is strongly influenced by political and economic developments within the bloc. Events that could have an impact include ECB meeting announcements, gross domestic product (GDP) data releases, employment data, national and EU-wide elections, and more.

3. Yen (JPY)

The yen is the official currency of Japan and the 3rd most traded globally, with an average daily volume of $554 billion. It is also the third largest reserve currency, accounting for an estimated 4.9% of global foreign exchange reserves. The yen is issued by the Bank of Japan (BoJ).

The value of the yen depends heavily on the strength of the Japanese economy, especially the manufacturing sector responsible for major exports including vehicles, electronics, machine tools, ships and goods. textile. As the value of the yen usually increases with demand for these products, many forex traders pay attention to economic moves including BoJ meeting announcements, GDP data, industrial production index, etc. Business confidence survey and unemployment data.

The strength of the Chinese yuan could also have an impact as China is a major competitor for manufactured goods. A weak renminbi makes Chinese exports more competitive internationally, reducing demand for Japanese products and therefore the yen. In addition, the price of oil can play an important role in determining the value of the yen. This is because Japan is a big oil importer and high prices are likely to hit its economy hard.

4. British Pound (GBP)

The pound sterling is the official currency of the United Kingdom and its territories and is the 4th most traded globally with an average daily volume of nearly $422 billion. It is also the 4th largest reserve currency, estimated to account for 4.5% of global foreign exchange reserves by value.

The value of the pound sterling depends largely on UK economic activity, which can be influenced by inflation rate data, monetary policies, GDP and the Bank of England employment report ( BoE). In recent years, its value has also been influenced by Britain's changing relationship with Europe. The country voted to leave the EU, also known as Brexit, in a referendum held on June 23, 2016. The official departure from the EU on January 31, 2020 will affect the UK's trade relationship with the British pound for many years to come.

5. Australian Dollar (AUD)

The Australian dollar is the official currency of Australia and is the 5th most traded globally, accounting for an average daily volume of US$223 billion. It is the 6th most popular reserve currency, accounting for 1.8% of global foreign exchange reserves. It is issued by the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA).

The value of the AUD is strongly influenced by commodity prices and the “exchange rate” – the ratio between the prices of exported and imported goods. Australia is a major exporter of coal, iron and copper, among other mineral commodities, and an importer of oil. So, changes in the trading volume and prices of these commodities can affect the AUD.

The value of the currency also depends on the size of Australia's external debt. This increase in debt could lead to a decrease in the value of the AUD against the currencies of major trading partners. Also, any difference between the RBA's and other central banks' interest rates could have an effect, as money is more likely to flow into countries with higher interest rates and out of those with higher interest rates. lower capacity.


Hopefully, the list of currencies of countries around the world introduced above will help you find out more easily when you have a need to use foreign currency.

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