The list below aims to provide basic information about the top 15 most common infectious diseases in the United States.

9. Syphilis - Most common infectious diseases in U.S

Mayoclinic defines syphilis as a bacterial infection usually spread by sexual contact. The disease starts as a painless sore — typically on your genitals, rectum or mouth. Syphilis spreads from person to person via skin or mucous membrane contact with these sores.

Top 15 most common infectious diseases in the United States (part 2)
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After the initial infection, the syphilis bacteria can remain inactive (dormant) in your body for decades before becoming active again. Early syphilis can be cured, sometimes with a single shot (injection) of penicillin. Without treatment, syphilis can severely damage your heart, brain or other organs, and can be life-threatening. Syphilis can also be passed from mothers to unborn children, according to WebMD.

10.Gonorrhoea - Most common infectious diseases in U.S

Ranked 10th in the chart is gonorrhoea which spreads through unprotected vaginal, oral, or anal sex. Common symptoms include discharge from the vagina or penis. It may also hurt when you pee. Women may have pain in their pelvis or belly. You might also have discharge from your eyes or rectum. Your joints could swell and hurt. But you may not notice any symptoms. Antibiotics keep it from leading to infertility and an increased risk of HIV.

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Gonorrhoeae bacteria

Photo: Avert.com

11.Salmonella - Most common infectious diseases in U.S

If you eat raw or undercooked meat, poultry, eggs, or egg products, you’re at risk for salmonella infection. You may not have symptoms, but if you do, they’ll feel like the stomach flu. Drink as much water as you can: Diarrhea and vomiting can dehydrate you. This infection often passes before your test results come back.

12.Pneumonia - Most common infectious diseases in U.S

Your lungs contain hundreds of millions of tiny air sacs called alveoli. Bacteria, viruses, and fungi can cause an infection that inflames these sacs so that they fill with fluid or pus. This can be mild or serious. If you’re elderly, a child, or have a weak immune system, it can be life-threatening. You can have trouble breathing, chest pain, tiredness, and a bad cough. You can treat it with medicine. The tired feeling may last for a long time after you have it.

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Salmonella

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13.Hepatitis C - Most common infectious diseases in U.S

Hepatitis is an inflammation of your liver due to a virus. Most new infections in the U.S. are from type C. You get this type from contact with infected blood, such as with used drug or tattoo needles. Symptoms include fever, tiredness, belly pain, nausea, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes). But almost half of those who have it don’t know it. Antiviral drugs will stop it, but without treatment, it can lead to liver failure, liver cancer, and in some cases, death.

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How Hepatitis C affects your body.

Photo: Webmd.com

14.HIV - Most common infectious diseases in U.S

HIV attacks cells that help your body fight infection. This makes it hard to resist other infections and diseases. You spread it through unprotected sex or contact with infected blood. It can also pass from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth. There’s no cure, but you can live a healthy life with it through antiretroviral therapy (ART). If you don’t treat it, late-stage HIV can turn into AIDS.

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15.Common Cold - Most common infectious diseases in U.S

According to Webmnd.com, Ranking at the last position is the common cold which sounds minor, but it may not feel that way. This viral infection of your nose and throat can cause a runny or stuffy nose, cough, congestion, and that general run-down feeling. The virus can live in the air and get in your body through your mouth, eyes, or nose. Hand-to-hand contact is another way it spreads. It can also live on objects like doorknobs and toys. You can treat your symptoms, but there’s no cure. Just rest, drink fluids and wash your hands to keep it from spreading to others.

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Photo: npr.org
Top 15 most common infectious diseases in the United States (Part 1) Top 15 most common infectious diseases in the United States (Part 1)

People in the United States continue to get diseases that are vaccine-preventable. The list below aims to provide basic information about the top 15