Top 10 Largest Lakes in the World With Unbelievable Beauty
For the purpose of this article, we’ve listed the largest lakes in the world when measured by total surface area, from the largest to the smallest. Here are the 10 largest lakes in the world to add to your bucket list of places to visit in the future.
Pack your swimsuit, wet suit or dry suit and take a dip or a boat ride around one of these massive lakes.
Check More: Top 10 Deadliest Lakes On The Planet
1. The Caspian Sea (371,000 km2)
|The Caspian Sea - Photo: whenonearth.net|
The world's largest lake is the Caspian Sea. It is also referred to as a full-fledged sea due to its enormous size.
The Caspian Sea, despite its deceptive name, is actually a lake because it is completely landlocked; it is the largest lake or body of water in the world. Like the soul of a single body, it is sandwiched between Europe and Asia. Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan all border this inland sea.
The lake was formerly a part of the old Paratethys Sea, which is why it is partially salty but only about one-third as salty as seawater. The sea is now praised for its wonderful caviar and significant oil business.
2. Lake Superior (82,100 km2)
The surface area of Lake Superior, the largest freshwater lake, is 82,170 square kilometers (31,700 square miles), larger than the combined areas of Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire. The lake measures approximately 563 kilometres (350 mi) in length, 257 km (160 mi) in width, and only goes as deep as 400 m (1,300 ft).
Over fifty-eight different species of orchids live in the 10,000-year-old Lake Superior. An estimated 100,000 migratory birds pass along the northern coast of the lake each fall.
Every winter, the lake transforms into a mystical frozen body of water, complete with icicles and ice formations. Nonetheless, this occurrence is uncommon.
3. Lake Victoria (68,870 km2)
The biggest freshwater lake in Africa and one of the Great Lakes of Africa, Lake Victoria is found in Tanzania, Uganda, and Kenya. In terms of surface area, it ranks second only to Lake Superior among freshwater lakes and is the biggest tropical lake on Earth.
Thousands of people who live on and around its shores depend on the more than 200 distinct fish species that call Lake Victoria, the major reservoir of the Nile River, home. These fish species include tilapia.
According to John Hanning Speke, who originally described the lake in the 1850s and gave it the name Queen Victoria of England, Lake Victoria is the most hazardous lake on earth. It experiences the highest annual fatalities of any lake due to crocodile attacks, weather variations, and black patches.
4. Lake Huron (59,600 km2)
With a surface area of 59,600 square kilometers, Lake Huron is a Great Lake that is bounded on the west by Michigan (US) and on the north and east by Ontario. It is also the second largest Great Lake overall (23,000 sq. mi). The lake is 295 km (184 km) wide, 229 m (750 ft) deep, and is 331 km (206 mi) in length.
At Lake Huron, several economic activities are carried out, including fishing and lumbering. Moreover, tourism is not ignored as evidenced by the numerous resorts that line the lake's shoreline. Moreover, there is commercial activity for the shipment of limestone, grain, and iron ore to other regions in Ontario and Michigan.
5. Lake Michigan (58,000 km2)
There are tours where you can join in if you want to see the five Great Lakes, including Lake Michigan. If seeing lighthouses is your thing, there’s also a tour that goes around the islands of Lake Michigan discovering the numerous lighthouses while learning about the site’s history.
By volume, Lake Michigan is the second largest Great Lake with 4,918 cubic km (1,180 cubic mi) of water. It is 494 km (307 mi) long and 190 km (118 mi) wide and has more than 2,575 km (1,600 mi) of shoreline. With an average depth of 85 m (279 ft), the lake can even reach down to 282 m (925 ft) at its deepest point.
6. Lake Tanganyika (32,600 km2)
The African Great Lake is the second-oldest and longest freshwater lake in the world, measuring 673 kilometers. Located 773 meters above sea level on the Albertine Rift, Lake Tanganyika is bordered by mountains and lowlands.
The 32,600 square kilometer lake, which drains into the Congo River and the Atlantic Ocean, is located on more than 85% of its territory in Tanzania and the DR Congo. Many islands, such as Kavala Island, Milima Island, and Mutondwe Island, are also found there.
The rocky shoreline of the lake is home to the threatened storm's water cobra. There are no other cobras like this one in the world. In addition, the lake is home to about 80 other fish species, some of which are indigenous, as well as terrapins, a variety of cichlid fish species, and Nile crocodiles.
7. Lake Baikal (31,500 km2)
Lake Baikal is the 7th largest lake in the world and the largest freshwater lake by volume. It contains 22-23% of the world’s fresh surface water. It contains more water than all of the North American Great Lakes combined!
Baikal is also the deepest lake on the planet and it is considered among the clearest lakes in the world. UNESCO declared this lake a World Heritage Site in 1996. Yes, it is the most popular lake on the planet. Never miss the chance of visiting Lake Baikal ever in your life!
8.Great Bear Lake, Canada (31,153 km2)
|Great Bear Lake|
Great Bear Lake is a large lake located in Canada, with a surface area of about 31,153 square kilometers, and is the fourth largest lake in North America and the eighth largest in the world. This lake flows through the Big Bear River into the Mackenzie River. In this area, the only community is the Deline with a population of only 525. Great Bear Lake is completely covered with ice from late November to July. The lake has an airstrip called Deline and it is used for several weeks each year to deliver supplies to the Deline community in the area. distant.
The Great Bear Lake lies between two major geologic regions: the Kazan Plateau of the Canadian Shield and the Inland Plain. Originally, it was part of pre-glacial valleys, altered by the effect of ice erosion during the Pleistocene. Since then, the lake has undergone various changes from the opposite effect of thawing. The Precambrian rocks of the Canadian shield form the eastern edge of the McTavish Arm. These Precambrian rocks were formed by sedimentary and metamorphic sedimentary deposits supplemented by igneous intrusions forming wall bodies and reservoir bodies.
Big Bear Lake has one runway, Deline Runway. This runway is used for several weeks each year, transporting supplies to the remote Deline community. The speed of this runway is 70 kph, the same as that of the Tuktoyaktuk runway, as there are no transfers or strips of land in the lake. This runway is used mostly for pickup trucks that usually only have a tonnage of 64,500 kg. This runway was forced to close as soon as the end of March, due to the warm weather.
9.Lake Malawi (29,600 Km2)
Lake Malawi is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. This lake is located in the southernmost region of the Great Rift Valley system in East Africa. It is the third largest lake in Africa and the 9th largest lake in the world and also the second deepest lake in Africa.
It is located between the countries of Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania. The tropical waters of this great lake are said to be home to more fish species than any other freshwater body in the world, including over 1,000 species of cichlids. Lake Malawi was officially declared a protected area by the Mozambican government on June 10, 2011 in an effort to protect one of the world's largest and most biodiverse freshwater lakes.
Lake Malawi has a length of 560 to 580 km, the widest place is about 75 km. The total area of the lake is about 29,600 square kilometers. The shorelines of the lake lie in western Mozambique, eastern Malawi and southern Tanzania. The largest river flowing into this lake is the Ruhuhu River. This large freshwater lake has an outlet at the southern end of the Shire River, a tributary that flows into the very large Zambezi River in Mozambique.
Lake Malawi is located in the Great Rift valley formed by the opening of the East African Rift, where the African tectonic plate is divided into two parts. This is called the divergent tectonic plate boundary. The formation of Lake Malawi is estimated to vary widely, from about 40,000 years ago or about 1 to 2 million years ago. Lake Malawi is located in the southeast, about 350 km from Lake Tanganyika.
10.Great Slave Lake (27,200 Km2)
|Great Slave Lake|
Great Slave Lake is the second largest lake in the Northwest Territories of Canada (after Great Bear Lake), the deepest lake in North America with a depth of 614 meters and the tenth largest lake in the world. The lake is 469 km long and 20 to 203 km wide. The area of the lake is 27,200 square kilometers in the southern part of the Northwest region. The amount of water in the lake ranges from 1,070 km3 to 1,580 km3 and sometimes up to 2,088 km3, making it the 10th or 12th largest lake in the world.
The lake shares a name with the Slavey aborigines. Towns located next to the lake include: Yellowknife, Hay River, Behchoko, Fort Resolution, Lutselk'e, Hay River Reserve, Detah and N'Dilo. The only community in the East Arm is Lutselk'e, a village of about 350 people, most of them Chipewyan Aborigines of the Dene nation and now outcast at the Hudson's Bay Company winter camp/station. Fort Reliance. Along the south coast, east of the Hay River is the abandoned Pine Point Mine and the corporate town of Pine Point.
Great Slave Lake appeared on the map of Europe during the emergence of the fur trade northwest of Hudson Bay in the mid-18th century. The name "Great Slave" came from the Slavey Indians, one of the Slavey tribes. number of Athapaskan tribes living along the southern coast at that time. Because French explorers traded directly with the Cree merchants, the great lake was known in French as "Grand lac des Esclaves", which later translated into English as "Great Slave Lake".
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