Top 10 Highest Mountains in Canada
|Illustrated picture. Photo: Mixi|
The highest mountain in Canada is Mount Logan, but several other mountains that stand just behind this highest mountain. There are over 21,000 recognized mountains in Canada, which is a remarkable fact!
Canada is a dream come true place for mountain sports enthusiasts and admirers. There is nothing not to like about those mountains, they add that missing part in natural aesthetics, and high mountains are essential for many other factors as well.
The List of 10 Highest Mountains in Canada
1. Mount Logan - 5956 m
2. Saint Elias - 5489 m
3. Mount Lucania - 5260 m
4. King peak - 5173 m
5. Mount Steele - 5020 m
6. Mount Wood - 4860 m
7. Mount Vancouver - 4812 m
8. Mount Slaggard - 4742 m
9. Mount Fairweather - 4671 m
10. Mount Hubbard - 4557 m
Which are the Highest Mountains in Canada?
1. Mount Logan
|Photo: Toronto Star|
Mount Logan is the tallest in Canada and the second-highest mountain in North America after Denali Mountain, as its fixed height is around 5,959 meters. The height of Mt. Logan increases continuously.
Located within the territory of Kluane National Park Reserve, Mount Logan was named after Sir William Edmond Logan, who was a renowned geologist of Canada. The circumference base of this mountain is the largest on earth, in the non-volcanic mountain section.
The temperature on this mountain rises to such an extent that it can freeze your bones, as the lowest temperature can fall to -45 Celsius. That was the winter temperature, and during summers, the temperature ranges between -27 to -17 Celsius.
In 1925, a group of six mountain climbers reached the top of Mount Logan for the very first time, which took them over 65 days in covering the whole journey. Later over 15 groups of hikers have attempted to climb the summit of mount logan. There are around 13 routes for climbing the mountain, King Trench Route being the easiest one.
In around 2000, Mount Logan was being proposed for renaming by then Prime Minister of Canada Jean Chrétien, after the former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau passed away in the same year. Still, later the plan was dropped, and mountain range present in British Columbia was named after him.
On average, it takes around three weeks in the whole climbing process. The best time to visit Mount Logan is during summers as the temperature is likely to be in your favor, and several expeditions are going on for this summit.
2. Saint Elias
Saint Elias is vastly spread mountain range, which covers over 43,000 square feet of area. Its ranges spread in three different regions of North America. It stretches from Alaska in the united states to Yukon in Canada till British Columbia.
The height of Saint Elias is 5,489 meters, which is only a matter of a few hundred meters, but that makes it the second-highest mountain in Canada. It is not only one of the highest coast mountains range in the world but is also wholly covered ice fields.
Saint Elias is home to many volcanoes and few active volcanoes like Mount Churchill and Mount Wrangell. And the highest mountain in Canada, which is Mount Logan, is also a part of Saint Elias mountain range.
It is not just a mountain range. There are lots of places like glaciers and national parks present around mount Elias, which is a significant tourist destination and adventure-packed mountain range for the mountain climbers.
3. Mount Lucania
|Photo: The Canadian Encyclopedia|
Among the third highest mountains in Canada is Mount Lucania; its height is over 5,240 meters; it is one of the most challenging mountains to climb in North America.
The name of Mount Lucania is based on a ship, is what makes this mountain an interesting one. Mount Lucania’s first summit was completed by Prince Luigi Amreo, who was the Duke of Abruzzi in 1897. The prince was an Italian mountaineer and explorer who successfully climbed his first ascent of the mountain, and after seeing the ship from a far distance, he named the mountain after RMS Luciana ship.
When Washburn and Bates tried their first summit here at mount Lucania, they used an airplane to reach Walsh glacier, but during landing, the plane sunk, and after five days of trial, the aircraft was able to fly again. They reached the summit and later continued their journey through the wilderness to reach a small town in Yukon.
Mount Lucania receives a tremendous amount of storms and snowfall; that is why the hikers and climbers must be very alert and trained for the weather. There are only two routes for reaching the mountain peaks named as the northeast ridge and the aurora ridge. You can decide the route as per your convenience.
After several decades of the gap, climbers dare to climb this mountain. The Mount Lucania is very rarely summited as its location is very remote, medical facilities and evacuations are hours away and expensive, so you need to be prepared for everything.
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4. King peak
King Peak, also known as Mount King, is the fourth-highest mountain in Canada, located in Yukon. This mighty mountain peak is also considered as a satellite peak, located just 10 miles away from Mount Logan.
The elevation of this mountain is 5,173 meters, which is only a few meters lower than the rest of the mountain peaks, which makes it the 9th highest peak of North America.
The interesting fact about this mountain is that the first attempt at climbing it was done by a few students, who were studying at the University of Alaska.
Four students attempted in the year 1952. After waiting for the storm to pass for two days, one student didn’t proceed because of a knee injury, the three of the students completed their King Peak summit.
There were attempts from an American team in the same year, as they had already climbed Mount Augusta, so they were very confident, but after two failed attempts at King Peak, they finally completed the summit in their third attempt.
As the climate and structure of this one of the highest mountains in Canada are very harsh, it is a very challenging climb for the mountaineers. Not a lot of attempts have been made here, but if you are planning now, you need to agree to the terms and conditions of the tour guides before visiting these highest mountains in Canada as there are lots of risks involved.
5. Mount Steele
The fifth highest mountain in Canada is Mount Steele, with elevation from the sea level of around 5,073 meters. This mountain peak is 11th highest peak in North America, whose parent mountain is Mount Luciana.
The mountain is named after Sam Steele, who was the major general and a reputed officer of the Northwest Mounted Police; he played a significant role during the Klondike Goldrush.
A group of men tried to climb Mount Steele in 1935, but harsh and deteriorating weather of the place caused them days of delay, after moving a little further again they were laden in the snow at least a meter deep. After days of struggle, they somehow managed to reach the top of Mount Steele.
This fifth highest mountain in Canada has a very high avalanche rate, as it has witnessed some dangerous avalanche, landslide, and rockfall, the intensity of the disasters are measurable on the seismographs and has even been witnessed 2.1 magnitudes on the Richter scale. Avalanche of 2007, is considered the most dangerous and most massive disaster in the western zone of Canada.
There are very few guided tours organized for Mount Steele expeditions, and as it is renowned for its dangerous weather and storms, it is not for those who get easily frustrated. Mount Steele demands lots of patience from your side.
6. Mount Wood
With an elevation of 15,945 feet above sea level, Mount Wood is the seventh highest mountain in Canada. This heavily glaciated mountain is one of the few in this area that can be seen all the way from the Donjek River Bridge on the Alaska Highway.
7. Mount Vancouver
Straddling Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve in Alaska and Kluane National Park and Reserve in Yukon, Mount Vancouver is the eighth highest Canadian mountain. This peak is huge – over 3000 vertical meters above the icefield. First climbed in 1949, it has had only 5-6 notable ascents in total. Mt. Vancouver supports 3 summits on a north-south trending crest; the south summit, Good Neighbor Peak sits on the international border.
H. Dall named it in 1874 after Captain George Vancouver, a British Royal Navy officer who explored the southeast coast of Alaska from 1792 to 1794.
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8. Mount Slaggard
Buried deep within the Icefield Range, Mount Slaggard is remote – about 40km north-west of Mt. Lucania – and heavily glaciated. Confined in Kluane National Park and Reserve, it pales in comparison to other St. Elias summits in terms of size and scope of the expedition. That could be the reason South Slaggard (4370m), one of its sub summits wasn’t climbed until 1997.
Mt. Slaggard has two other sub summits on the western side: West Slaggard I (4,290m) and West Slaggard II (4,210m), both of which are known for worst snowstorms.
9. Mount Fairweather
Two-third of Mount Fairweather in the Saint Elias Mountains lies in Alaska. Its peak is part of Tatshenshini-Alsek Wilderness Provincial Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Canada. And, that makes Mount Fairweather the highest point in British Columbia.
Captain James Cook named it during his expedition in 1931, however this border peak belies its name. Among climbers, it’s the least favorite peak due to the deadly snowstorms and poor precipitation.
10. Mount Hubbard
Mount Hubbard is one of the major mountains of Saint Elias Range. It is located on the Alaska/Yukon border; the Canadian side is within Kluane National Park and Reserve, and the American side is part of Wrangell–St. Elias National Park. The mountain was named in 1890 by U.S. Geological Survey geologist Israel Russell after Gardiner Greene Hubbard, first president of the National Geographic Society, which had co-sponsored Russell's expedition.
Hubbard is the highest point of a large massif with three named summits; the other two are Mount Alverstone and Mount Kennedy. Alverstone and Hubbard form a corner of the Canada–United States border: the border extends roughly south from these peaks toward the Alaska panhandle, and roughly west toward Mount Saint Elias, approximately 100 km (62 mi) away. The Hubbard Glacier separates Mount Hubbard from Mount Vancouver to the west, while the Lowell Glacier lies to the east of the peak.
Mount Hubbard is the eighth-highest peak in the United States, and the twelfth-highest peak in Canada. It is also notable for its large rise above local terrain. For example, its west face rises 7,500 feet (2,300 meters) above the Alverstone Glacier in less than 2 miles (3.2 kilometers), and the peak rises 11,000 feet (3,350 m) above the Hubbard Glacier to the southwest in only 7 mi (11.3 km). Mount Hubbard is just over 20 mi (32 km) from tidewater at Disenchantment Bay. However, despite its precipitous drops to the west, the eastern side provides a non-technical (though long) route to the summit.
Saint Elias Range: Bearer Of Canada's Top Summits
Canada's top ten summits can all be found in the Saint Elias Range, the highest coastal mountain range on earth, located in southeastern Alaska, southwestern Yukon and the northwestern corner of British Columbia. The Saint Elias mountain range is the steepest on Earth, rising from sea level to upwards of 18,000 feet in just six miles. The active tectonic activity also makes it one of the fastest-growing mountain ranges in the world, rising three to four millimeters each year. That means these giants are only getting larger!
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