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What Is National Anthem Of Myanmar: History, Lyrics In Burmese and English. Photo Myanmar

Anyone who has attended school or been to a cinema in Myanmar will doubtless be familiar with the stirring opening bars of the country’s national anthem, Kabar Ma Kyei or “Till the End of the World”.

Biography of the author of the melody and song lyrics of Kaba Ma Kyei

Saya Tin is a songwriter originally from Burma. He was one of the three most famous pre-war composers.

Two other people, namely Nandawshae Saya Tin and Thahaya Saya Tin. He is known for his work entitled Kaba Ma Kyei, which was later used as the national anthem of Burma (Myanmar).

Tin was born in Mandalay, February 12, 1894 to Daw Thein and her husband, An Yaung. My Father Tin is a former official who served during the reign of the last Burmese King, Thibaw.

Tin has two siblings, one older sister and a younger sister who is also a sister. After completing middle school at the age of 17, Tin taught at a private school for the next three years. In his spare time, Tin plays concertina, explores the sounds and delves into traditional Burmese music.

In 1918, Tin founded his private school, the Young Buddha Buddhist School in Mandalay. The school came to be known as YMB I Tin.

In 1930, Tin closed his school and moved to Yangon, where he recorded his songs and used them in films. Tin meets an old school friend, Thakin Ba Thaung and joins his political movement, Dobama Asiayone (We Burmese Association).

Tin composed Kaba Ma Kyei (Until the End of the World), the Burmese national anthem in 1930 with Ba Thaung which added patriotic lyrics. Tin performed the song for the first ceremony on the flat ground of the Shwedagon Pagoda at 5:00 p.m. on July 20, 1930.

After the ceremony, Tin was jailed by British officers who accused him of being subversive. In 1946, Tin was released. A year later, in 1947, the song was adopted as the Burmese national anthem and earned Tin the award of a thousand kyats.

On Independence Day, January 4, 1950, the Burmese government awarded him the title Wunna Kyawhtin (the beautiful-famous). Saya Tin died on August 8, 1950 due to tuberculosis (TB).

His body was cremated in Yangon. During his lifetime, Saya Tin has composed more than four thousand songs. That is the explanation of the history of the Myanmar national anthem.

History of Myanmar's national anthem

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Photo VOI

On Sept 22 in 1947, the national anthem of Myanmar was approved by the national legislature. As a country that would gain independence the following year, Myanmar needed to prepare a state flag, emblem and national anthem for inclusion in its constitution as an independent nation. A committee consisting of Bamar, Kachin, Chin, Karen, Shan and Rakhine ethnic political leaders, men of letters and artists was formed to complete the task.

The Parliament set out a guideline that the anthem must be acceptable to all ethnic groups; have lyrics and a melody that are extraordinarily rousing to all ethnic groups; different from contemporary music; and between 1 minute, 30 seconds and 2 minutes long.

The music for the national anthem was adapted from “Dobama Song”, which was originally composed for the Dobama Asiayone, or We Burmans Association, by artist YMBA Saya Tin, and was regarded as Myanmar’s first patriotic song during British colonial rule and Japanese rule.

Lyrics that suited the notion of a Union were composed for the new anthem, and finally “Kaba Ma Kyei”, or “Till the End of the World”, was adopted. At the time, India and Pakistan had not yet approved their national anthems.

New state flags and emblems were later adopted under the reigns of military dictators generals Ne Win and Than Shwe, but the national anthem was never changed. The National Anthem Law enacted in 2010 criminalized acts of disrespect toward the national anthem, singing it ignobly in whole or in part, recomposing the anthem, or falsely presenting another song as the national anthem.

Burmese lyrics of Myanmar's national anthem

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Photo Myanmar

Ga ba ma kyae, myan ma pyi,

Do bo bwa a mwae sit mo chit myat no bae.

Ga ba ma kyae, myan ma pyi,

Do bo bwa a mwae sit mo chit myat no bae.

Pyi daung zu go a thèt pae lo to ka kwè ma lae,

Da do byae da do myae do paing dae myae.

Do byae do myae a kyo go nyi nya zwa do da twae

Tan saung ba so lae do da(u) win bay a po tan myae.

Till the End of the World in English lyrics

Accompanied with justice and freedom;

our nation, our motherland.

To bring peace to all people;

the nation having equal right and pure policy,

our nation, our motherland.

Let us preserve with vow

for perpetuity of our heritage of the Union.

As long as the world exists, we love Myanmar,

the true heritage of our ancestors.

As long as the world exists, we love Myanmar,

the true heritage of our ancestors.

We shall safeguard the Union by sacrificing our lives.

This is our nation, our motherland and our own land.

Let us serve unitedly for the interest of our nation, our motherland.

That is our duty for the precious land.

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