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Photo: Musafir.com

The world has a host of magnificent highways, famed for their scenic beauties, and vast expanses they stretch through.

Some of them encompass a whole lot of varied terrains like mountains, plains and forests that may be spectacular to view but dangerous to cross, while others run through hustling and bustling cities.

Here we bring you the list of the world’s top 5 highways in accordance to length. Read on, to garner more information about them.

5. Golden Quadrilateral Highway Network, India

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Photo: DayTodayGk.com

The Golden Quadrilateral or GQ is the world’s fifth longest highway and is also India’s largest highway project. The foundation stone for this endeavor was laid by the then Prime Minister of India, Atal Behari Vajpayee in 1999, with the entire stretch being completed in the year 2012.

Approximate length: 5,846 km

Route: The four major metropolitan cities (Delhi to the north, Kolkata to the east, Mumbai to the west, Chennai to the south) apart from other cities (Ahmedabad, Bhubaneswar, Bengaluru, Kanpur, Cuttack, Surat, Jaipur, Vizag, Pune, Varanasi, Vadodara, Gandhinagar, Agar, Mathura, Dhanbad) that are also a part of this network.

4. Trans-Canada

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Photo: RCI.com

This highway has a transcontinental network of roads maintained by the provincial as well as the federal government. After receiving approval in 1949, its construction, inauguration, and completion happened in 1950, 1961 and 1972 respectively. The highway is distinguishable since route markers (white maple leaf on a green board) are present on all the routes, though this varies to a certain extent in few of the provinces. In 2012, it installed free charging stations for electric vehicles, thus increasing its popularity.

Approximate length: 7,821 km

Route: All ten Canadian provinces (covering the Pacific-Atlantic ocean from west to east)

3. Trans-Siberian

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Photo: DiscoverRussia.com

The third longest highway in the world, this has a federal highway network encompassing the whole of Russia. A portion of the route intersecting the Asian Highway Network has been named as AH6. A part of the highway stretching from the cities of St. Petersburg to Irkutsk has an ancient lineage, built even before the railways came into being, perhaps by the Gulag prison inmates.

Approximate length: 11,000 km

Route: St. Petersburg (Baltic Sea) to Vladivostok (Sea of Japan)

2. Highway 1, Australia

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Photo: Worldkings.com

Besides ranking second in terms of length, it also happens to be the longest of all national highways, beating the Trans-Siberian and Tans-Canadian. It came into being in the year 1955, developed from the local tracks and roads that existed in the state.

Since it is the sole route for connecting all the states and territories of Australia, barring the Australian Capital Territory, over a million people commute on this highway on a daily basis. It runs through big cities, coastlines, forests (tropical and temperate), swamps, desserts, and scrublands. The team Highway 1 to Hell comprising of four people achieved a record in 2017 of covering the entire belt in a span of 5:13:43 (days, hours, minutes).

Approximate length: 14,500 km

Route: All Australian states and territories (but the Australian Capital Territory)

1. Pan American

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Photo: WorldConstructionNetwork.com
Covering a vast stretch, this is the world’s longest highway, constructed in 1936, also said to be the longest motorable road by the Guinness Book of World Records running through the Northern and Southern parts of America. Because of the long expanse, it crosses through varying climatic zones and an array of different landscapes like deserts, mountains, and jungles.

There are official and unofficial sections of this highway, with the former running from Mexico’s Nuevo Laredo to Argentina’s Buenos Aires. Parts of the unofficial sections go through the Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, Alberta Highway 43, and the four terminals in Mexico where it is known by the name of Inter-American Highway.

The highway connects most parts of America, but the Darien Gap is an exception which is stretched for 100 km comprising of a mountainous and forest terrain. Though the stretches of the highway are noted for its beauteous landscapes, the roads in most parts are not in good condition. The Dalton Highway (Alaska) has been a topic of discussion in the first episode of BBC’s, the World’s Most Dangerous Roads. However, the most crucial section is in Costa Rica where the road rises to an elevation of 10,942 feet and called as the Summit of Death.

Approximate Length: 48,000 km

Route: It connects 14 countries including the United States of America, Canada (British Columbia, Yukon, Alberta), Mexico, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras, Panama, Costa Rica, Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Argentina, Columbia, and Guatemala.

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