Top 19 amazing facts about the attack on Pearl Harbor
|The attack on Pearl Harbor. Photo: History.com|
As said by Onlyfunfacts, the USA will certainly never forget December 7, 1941. Without any advance notice, without a declaration of war, and without the slightest hint of a premonition, the Imperial Japanese Navy broke in and the airspace and territorial waters of the United States to attack Pearl Harbor with submarines and nearly 400 airplanes. This day resulted in the entry of the USA into the Second World War.
1. The attack on Pearl Harbor was deliberately set for a Sunday because the Japanese hoped that US soldiers would be less alert on that day.
2. During the attack on Pearl Harbor, Captain Mitsuo Fuchida spoke the famous words “Tora! Torah! Tora!”, which translated “Tiger! Tiger! Tiger!” mean and express that the Japanese managed to sneak up like a tiger and completely surprise their victim. After the war, he turned to Christianity and settled permanently in the USA.
3. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor during World War II, Canada declared war on Japan one day earlier than the USA did.
4. For the successful attack on Pearl Harbor, the Imperial Japanese Navy managed to cover more than 3,500 miles (almost 5,600 kilometers) unnoticed and hit the Americans hard without warning.
5. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto of the Imperial Japanese Air Force was responsible for the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Since the Japanese had attacked without prior declaration of war, the USA was seeking revenge. Therefore, Operation “Vengeance” was launched, which ended with the killing of Admiral Yamamoto on April 18, 1943.
6. Although the Japanese wanted to prevent a war by attacking Pearl Harbor, they achieved exactly the opposite. On December 8, the USA officially entered World War II.
7. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was called Operation Z during planning.
8. During the attack on Pearl Harbor, 2,403 US soldiers were killed and 1,178 wounded.
9. Veterans who were stationed in Pearl Harbor during the Japanese attack can have their ashes scattered at the old anchorage of their ship after their death.
10. The Japenese lost 29 aircraft, five submarines, and 129 soldiers during their attack on Pearl Harbor.
11. The USS Nevada was a warship of the U.S. Pacific Fleet that almost sank in the attack on Pearl Harbor. However, the soldiers on board ran her aground for rescue, so she could be repaired and reused. One of her later missions was to assist in the attack on Normandy by firing on the German positions. So although it was almost destroyed by the Axis powers on the day that let to the United States entering World War II, it was able to provide necessary support on the day that heralded the Allied victory over the Axis powers.
12. The USS Arizona, which sank during the attack on Pearl Harbor, still leaks about nine quarts (more than nine liters) of oil every day. The ship was refueled with 1.5 million gallons (over 5.6 million liters) the day before the attack.
13. Because of Japan’s desired territorial expansion in the Pacific region and similar U.S. interests, a Pacific war seemed inevitable in 1939. To discourage the Americans, the Japanese decided to land a fatal first strike by attacking Pearl Harbor.
14. The Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor during World War II began at 7:55 and lasted almost two hours.
15. Of the eight warships damaged by the Imperial Japanese Navy during the attack on Pearl Harbor, as many as six were put back into service after extensive repairs.
16. Elvis Presley gave a benefit concert at Pearl Harbor in March 1961 to raise funds for the construction of the Pearl Harbor Memorial. Thus the entertainer contributed more than ten percent of the construction costs with the 50,000 dollars raised.
17. During World War II, Pearl Harbor was attacked by 353 Japanese aircraft, which rose from the fleet of 65 ships anchored north of Hawaii.
|American planes bombed by the Japanese. Photo: USN|
18. On the day of the attack on Pearl Harbor, the USA actually fired the first shot. More than an hour before the attack, the minesweeper Condor discovered the periscope of a Japanese submarine and sank it.
19. The attack on Pearl Harbor was intended to weaken the Pacific fleet of the Americans and aircraft carriers, in particular, were in the focus. But in fact, none of the aircraft carriers of the Pacific fleet was in port that day.
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Accorting to Britannica, Pearl Harbor is a U.S. Navy base on the Hawaiian island of Oahu and the headquarters of the U.S. Pacific Fleet. Adjacent to the harbour is Hickam Air Force Base, and the two installations were merged in 2010 to become Joint Base Pearl Harbor–Hickam. The USS Arizona remains where it sank on December 7, 1941, and it is preserved as a national cemetery. The USS Arizona Memorial is one of the most-visited tourist attractions in Hawaii.