Top 10 Countries Have the Most Nuclear Reactors in the World Today
|Top 10 Countries Have the Most Nuclear Reactors|
According to the State of Nuclear Industry Report, global nuclear power production grew by 3.9% in 2021, after falling at a similar rate a year earlier.
As of early 2023, there are a total of 411 nuclear reactors in operation worldwide, down more than 18 from 2012. Currently, there are 29 reactors in long-term storage condition and 53 reactors under construction. That's more than half in China and India.
The rapid development of renewable energy and the negative public sentiment towards nuclear energy after previous disasters such as Chernobyl or Fukushima have been making nuclear power no longer much investment and development. .
The share of nuclear power in global electricity production has fallen from 17.5% in 1996 to just 9.8% in 2021, as many countries have postponed or abandoned their nuclear strategies.
How many countries are operating nuclear reactors?
According to the above report, the world currently has 33 countries operating nuclear power reactors, of which only 15 countries are still actively pursuing nuclear technology (including 2 countries that have just started producing electricity nuclear in 2020 are Belarus and the United Arab Emirates - UAE).
China is the fastest growing nuclear power in the world. The country has been using nuclear power since the early 1990s and now has 55 nuclear reactors, most of which have been connected to the grid in just the past 10 years.
Meanwhile, the US is still the world's largest power in nuclear energy with 92 reactors in operation as of July 2022. However, the number of reactors has decreased by 12 compared to 10 years ago.
The country with the largest decrease in the number of nuclear reactors over the past decade is Japan, with 34 decommissioned.
With only 10 reactors in operation at the moment, Japan is expected to officially abandon construction of new facilities soon.
Of the countries with nuclear energy programs, only three have shut down all reactors so far. These were Italy in 1987, Kazakhstan in 1998 and Lithuania in 2009. Germany recently extended the operation of some reactors in response to the energy crisis but is expected to stop producing nuclear power by 2020. 2023.
The Oldest and Youngest Nuclear Reactors in the World
The United States' 92 nuclear reactors currently in operation have a mean age of 41.6 years, the third oldest in the world. The only nuclear fleets that are older are those of Switzerland (46.3 years) and Belgium (42.3 years).
The U.S. today is one of only 15 countries which the World Nuclear Industry Status Report lists as actively pursuing nuclear energy. This includes new nuclear programs in the United Arab Emirates, Belarus and Iran that were started in the past decade only, as well as a younger program in China that started producing power in 1991 and today has a mean reactor fleet age of just nine years.
India, running a nuclear energy program since 1969, nevertheless saw much more recent construction than the U.S., achieving a current mean reactor age of 24.2 years.
|China and Russia, as well as Argentina, are also developing small modular reactors with prototypes in the design stage.|
US helps Thailand develop small nuclear reactor
Thailand does not have nuclear power and public concern about this increased after the Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan in 2011.
However, in November 2022, US Vice President Kamala Harris announced that Washington would help Thailand develop small nuclear reactors in an effort to combat climate change. These furnaces will be safe because no human intervention is required to turn off in an emergency.
The White House said the United States will provide technical assistance to Thailand to deploy small, factory-fabricated and portable modular reactor technology. They also take up a smaller footprint than other alternative energy solutions.
Such reactors are generally considered safer because they do not require human intervention to shut down in an emergency.
France seeks to accelerate the construction of nuclear reactors
In the wake of the global energy crisis, France has drafted a bill to ease the administrative procedures for licensing new nuclear plants, with the goal of doubling the number of nuclear and renewable energy plants. in this country.
French President Emmanuel Macron has made nuclear power central to his efforts to achieve a carbon-neutral goal by 2050, with plans to build at least six new reactors.
Minister Pannier-Runacher said the goal of the bill is to accelerate the issuance of administrative permits to meet the roadmap for the construction of a European pressurized reactor (EPR). This measure would ease the administrative licensing process for reactors built near older nuclear reactors.
According to France's national energy agency, the country has 56 nuclear power plants, providing 70% of the country's electricity.
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