How Many Banks Are There In India
The Banks in India Today
Table of Contents

3 Types of Banks in the Indian Banking System

→ Private sector banks: The majority of the shares in these banks are owned by private companies or individuals.

→ Public sector banks: Institutions that fall under this category of financial institution have the majority of their shares held by the government, or more precisely, by government organizations like the Reserve Bank of India.

→ Foreign bank: In the Indian financial industry, foreign banks conduct business and carry out their functions elsewhere.

Variation Between Private and Public Sector Banks in India Today

Here are some features that would illuminate the difference between private and public sector banks:

• The shares of public sector banks are owned by the government, whereas private shareholders hold the majority stake in private sector banks

• As a whole, there are 27 public sector banks and 21 private banks, along with four local area banks

• The total market share of public sector banks is 72.9%, whereas the share of private sector banks is 19.7%. Therefore, public sector banks are dominating the Indian Banking system

• Public sector banks have a significantly larger customer base than the private banks

• In public sector banks, there is a lot more transparency in terms of interest rate policies as compared to the private banks

• The interest rates on the deposits done in public sector banks are higher than private sector banks

Check more: Top 10 Biggest Banks in India 2023/2024 - Public and Private Banks

Following its independence, India saw the emergence of numerous banks that aimed to meet the needs and aspirations of its citizens in terms of finance. Several banks went through the process of becoming state-owned in response to these demands. A bank that is majority owned by the government is referred to as a state-owned institution.

There are currently 12 public sector banks in India, all of which have undergone the state ownership transformation and are now managed and regulated by the government. Consult the cited article for a comprehensive list of India's state-owned banks.

The List of Nationalized Banks (2023/2024 uodated)

1. SBI and its associate banks

Head office: State Bank of India, Central Office

Chairman’s Secretariat, P.B. No.12, Nariman Point

Mumbai – 400 021

2. Bank of Baroda

Head office: Baroda House, Mandvi

Vadodara – 390006


3. Bank of India

Head office: Express Towers

Nariman Point

Mumbai – 400 021

4. Bank of Maharashtra

Head office: Lok Mangal

1501, Shivaji Nagar, Post Box No. 919

Pune – 411 005

5. Canara Bank

Head office: 112, Jayachamarajendra Road

Post Box No. 6648

Bangalore – 560 002

Central Bank of India

Head office: Central Office

Chander Mukhi, Nariman Point

Mumbai – 400 021

6. Indian Overseas Bank

Head office: Central Office

762, Anna Salai, P.B. No. 3765

Chennai – 600 002

7. Indian Bank

Head office: Indian Bank Building

P.B. No. 1384, 31, Rajaji Road

Chennai – 600 001

8. Punjab National Bank

Head office: 7, Bhikaji Cama Place, Africa Avenue

New Delhi – 110 066

9. Union Bank of India

Head office: Union Bank Building

Central Office, 239, Backbay Reclamation

Post Box No. 93A, Nariman Point

Mumbai – 400 021

10. Punjab & Sind Bank

Head office: Bank House

Fourth floor, 21, Rajendra Place

New Delhi – 110 008

11. UCO Bank

Head office: 10, Biplabi Trailokya Maharaj, Sarani

Kolkata – 700 001

12. State Bank of India

Punjab National Bank (With the Merger of Oriental Bank of Commerce and United Bank of India)

♦ Check more: 10 Biggest Banks in the World Today

Why Banks Were Nationalised

The decision to nationalize banks was made with a specific set of goals in mind. The central government might occasionally decide to nationalize banks. However, candidates should be aware that since liberalization in 1991, governments no longer support nationalization as a policy.

Nariman's committee on banking reforms promoted the growth of private banks in India in 1991 and 1998. The Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act of 1970 gave permission for banks to be nationalized. On July 19, 1969, the ordinance went into effect in order "to better satisfy the needs of economic development in compliance with national policy objectives."

More recent government reports and documents have called for two nationalized banks with a good reputation. However, in addition to being familiar with the list of nationalized banks, candidates must also understand the justification for bank nationalization.

• Financial Inclusion of Masses.

• To promote rapid growth in agriculture, small industries, and export, to encourage new entrepreneurs.

• To Discourage crony capitalisation.

• Ensure prudent lending and better management of banks.

Key Facts - Banks in India

• Allahabad Bank is the oldest Joint Stock Bank in India.

• Andhra Bank was founded by Freedom Fighter Dr. Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya

• Bank of India, London, 1946 was the first bank to open a branch outside India.

• The first bank to be given an ISO 9002 certificate for one of its branches — Canara Bank

• The Postal Dept has issued a commemorative stamp in the name of this bank celebrating 100 years in 2011 — Central Bank of India

• First Indian Bank to be wholly owned by Indians — Central Bank of India

• The bank was formed on the efforts of Lala Lajpat Rai — Punjab National Bank

• The only merger of nationalized banks took place between — Punjab National Bank and New Bank of India in 1993

• The bank whose brand equity is “Pygmy Deposit Scheme” — Syndicate Bank

• The bank which was conceived by Shri GD Birla — UCO Bank

• The bank which was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1919 — Union Bank of India

• The largest among nationalized banks — Punjab National Bank

• The State Bank of Mysore's banking committee, which was led by the legendary engineer-statesman Dr. Sir M. Visvesvaraya, decided to establish the bank in 1913 under the name Bank of Mysore Ltd.

What are Government Banks

Public sector banks, also known as PSBs, are more commonly referred to as government banks. The government owns more than 51% of the company's shares, making it the largest shareholder in these institutions even though it does not directly control the government banks. In India, there are 12 public sector banks, also known as government banks.

Payment Banks In India

Although Payments banks were intended to be an alternative to India's traditional banks, they are not able to extend credit. With a current limit of Rs. 200,000 per customer and a potential increase, these banks are able to accept restricted deposits. Payment banks are not permitted to issue credit cards or loans. These banks are capable of managing both savings and current accounts.

Private Indian Banks

What are private sector banks?

These are the banks where private individuals continue to hold a significant portion of the equity or shares. Private sector banks emerged in the 1990s and have seen tremendous growth since then, but initially public sector banks predominated the Indian banking sector.

Utilizing cutting-edge technology, novel financial instruments, and contemporary innovations led to their rapid expansion.

In India, private sector banks are classified into two divisions

• Old Private sector banks (these banks emerged before 1968)

• New Private sector banks (these banks emerged after the 1990s)

A specific type of bank in India is called a private bank, in which a small number of private businesses or people control or own the vast majority of the stock. They are mainly concerned with advancing the interests of an individual or group other than the government. In this article, we discussed Indian private banks and how they differed from public sector banks.

Private Indian banks give the vast majority of the stakes to private individuals. To better explain what private Indian banks are and how they function, this article includes a list of these institutions.

The financial framework significantly aids in the growth of the currency by allocating resources wisely. It helps the economy by converting your reserve funds into profitable businesses. The Reserve Bank of India, the country's central bank, is in charge of policing the banks. It is the foremost authority on financial oversight in India. In India, banks are broken down into a number of groups, each with a distinct organizational structure, industry sectors that they are targeting, advantages, and disadvantages.


How many nationlaised banks are in India?

As of present, there are 12 nationalized banks in India.

What are nationalised banks?

The nationalized banks are those banks that were ones owned by the private players but due to the financial or socio-economic exigencies, the ownership was acquired by the government. In more technical terms Nationalised Banks have such an ownership structure where the government is the majority shareholder i.e. >50%.

Who is the over all regulator of banking systen in India?

Reserve Bank of India or RBI is the overall regulator of banking system in India.

Which is the best governement bank in India?

State Bank of India is widely regarded as the best government bank in India.

How many private banks are there in India?

Answer. There are 21 private banks in India as of 2022.

List the top 3 private banks according to revenue in the Indian banking system?

Answer. List of top 3 private banks according to revenue in the Indian banking system:

  1. HDFC bank – 105,161 Cr
  2. ICICI bank – 84,353 Cr
  3. AXIS bank – 56,044 Cr

Which is the number one private bank in India based on turnover?

Answer. ICICI is the main and number 1 private bank in India. It has the most noteworthy turnover of Rs.101,561 Cr the earlier year.

What is the distinction between public and private sector banks in India?

In private sector banks, on the other hand, the stockholders of the bank hold the majority of the shares, as opposed to the government in public sector banks. While private sector banks are renowned for their competitive outlook and technological superiority, public sector banks are known for their organizational structure and larger customer base.

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