Difference Between Influenza B and Cold
|The incubation period for influenza B is one to four days from infection with the virus. Photo: Archiv.|
Influenza B is spread from person to person through droplets (containing the flu virus) in the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, talks, or possibly by touching a surface contaminated with infected droplets. then touch your mouth, nose, or eyes.
The incubation period for influenza B is one to four days from infection with the virus. Children and people with weakened immune systems may have a longer incubation period.
Progressive influenza B is usually benign. However, people with chronic cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, immunocompromised patients, the elderly and children may have more serious and dangerous complications. In particular, the disease can cause severe pneumonia, multi-organ failure leading to death.
Symptoms of Influenza B
Doctors said that the symptoms of influenza B were not so obvious compared to the common flu. However, people with influenza B have symptoms that appear on many parts of the body. In which, systemic manifestations are upper respiratory tract inflammation, with symptoms of cough, high fever, headache, sore throat, body aches, joint pain, fatigue, feeling exhausted.
Children with the flu may also have gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea). Although some flu symptoms can be similar to a cold and most will recover in 1-2 weeks, cough and fatigue can last for more than 2 weeks.
In the respiratory system, patients do not have symptoms typical of influenza infection, which is often confused with pneumonia. Because of this, patients cannot recognize, distinguish, easily confuse infection with influenza B and common cold.
However, people need to rely on other symptoms to diagnose the disease and see a doctor for early examination and treatment.
In the digestive system, people with influenza B may have nausea. In children, children often vomit a lot, accompanied by abdominal pain, diarrhea, loss of appetite, loss of appetite... Even though it is a benign disease, influenza B can also cause dangerous complications such as: pneumonia, bronchitis management, acute respiratory failure, myocarditis, kidney failure, sepsis...
Signs you need to be hospitalized
Uncomplicated influenza, that is, mild, presenting with a simple flu syndrome. Complicated influenza is a case of suspected or confirmed lung injury, with clinical respiratory failure, rapid breathing, shortness of breath, decreased Sp02... Patients with or accompanied by secondary complications such as inflammation sinus, pneumonia due to bacterial superinfection, septic shock, multi-organ failure.
Patients with signs of worsening of chronic comorbidities (lung disease, liver disease, kidney failure, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, blood disease).
In case of risk of getting flu complications:
• Children under 5 years old, especially children under 2 years old. Children with chronic diseases, mental or motor retardation, bronchial asthma, congenital heart disease, chronic kidney failure, cirrhosis of the liver; Children who are malnourished or obese; congenital immunodeficiency...
• Elderly people over 65 years old.
• Adults with chronic diseases and immunocompromised (patients being treated with anti-cancer drugs, HIV/AIDS.
Check More: Why Do We Get Flu Easily in Winter?
What should I do if I suspect I have influenza B?
With easily confused symptoms, many patients are often subjective, leading to complications when infected with influenza B. Therefore, if there are suspicious symptoms, people need to immediately go to a medical facility for timely treatment. , to avoid prolonging and aggravating the disease.
On a case-by-case basis, the doctor will prescribe specifically. Patients with complicated influenza B will be hospitalized for treatment. People with uncomplicated influenza B may not need medical treatment or testing for influenza if their symptoms are mild.
When symptoms worsen or the patient is worried about their health, you should go to a medical facility for advice and care.
To prevent influenza B as well as other infectious diseases, patients need to wear masks when in contact with patients suspected of having influenza, increase hand washing, and maintain respiratory hygiene when coughing and sneezing. Please avoid large gatherings when an epidemic occurs.
For people suspected of having influenza B, you need to prevent infection from sick people, isolate in a separate room, regularly clean and disinfect the room, clothes, and tools. People should get a flu vaccine every year, especially those at high risk of infection.
In addition, people absolutely do not buy and use antiviral drugs (such as Tamiflu) on their own, but need to follow the instructions and instructions of the doctor.
In particular, when you have symptoms of cough, fever, runny nose, headache, fatigue..., you need to go to a medical facility immediately for timely examination, advice and treatment.
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