10:19 | 08/01/2022 Print
|How to say Happy Birthday in Vietnamese|
It’s always nice to wish someone a happy birthday on their special day but why not do it in a language that means something to them.
As well as wishing your loved one a happy birthday in Vietnamese, why not also sing the Vietnamese version of the happy birthday song!
First, let's start with the Vietnamese word for 'birthday'!
Birthday in Vietnamese is 'sinh nhật':
The word sinh means "to be born" or "to give birth". And the word nhật refers to "day". So sinh nhật has the meaning of "the day you were born".
In the Southern dialect, some people would pronounce the word sinh as sanh. So make sure you know that they mean the same thing!
|Vietnamese word and phrase for Birthday|
Watch the video below to learn the pronunciation of some of these phrases when you would like to say Happy Birthday in Vietnamese:
|Happy birthday||Chúc mừng sinh nhật||Chok mung sin nyat|
|Happy birthday||Sinh nhật vui vẻ||Sin nyat voy veh|
The first phrase ‘Chúc mừng sinh nhật’ literally means ‘congratulations on your birthday’. This is the most common way to wish someone a happy birthday and can be used with people around your age or a bit older.
The second phrase ‘Sinh nhật vui vẻ’ more literally translates to ‘happy birthday’ but this phrase is much less common than the first. This phrase should not be used with an elder, only people your age or younger.
You can also use this formula to wish almost everyone a happy birthday in Vietnamese.
Chúc + Pronoun + Sinh Nhật Vui Vẻ
(Wishing + Pronoun for ‘You’ + A Happy Birthday)
This sentence has a similar meaning as ‘Wishing you a happy birthday’ in English. As there are many different pronouns in Vietnamese to refer to ‘You’, you need to find a correct pronoun to put into the formula. The pronouns for ‘You’ could be cô, chú, anh, chị, em, etc.
Mừng Thọ Ông, Mừng Thọ Bà
When a Vietnamese turns 60 or older, people will say ‘mừng thọ’ instead of ‘happy birthday’. The word ‘Mừng thọ’ literally means ‘congrats to your longevity’.
When one reaches 60 years old or even older, if they are male, they call ‘Ông’, and if they are female then they call ‘Bà’.
You can add the polite final word ‘ạ’ at the end to show your respect to a Vietnamese elder. For example, ‘Mừng thọ ông ạ!’ or ‘Mừng thọ bà ạ!’.
Do they have a native Vietnamese song for a happy birthday? Well, there is a song named ‘Khúc hát mừng sinh nhật’ sung by Vietnamese singer Phan Dinh Tung. This song can be considered the first Vietnamese happy birthday song that is not a version of the world-famous one ‘Happy birthday to you.’
You can just say happy birthday in Vietnamese to your friends and that’s enough to be friendly. However, you can use some following birthday wishes to make your friends even happier.
At different ages or periods of life, people will have different priorities. Because of that, your wishes should focus on what they are interested in.
Wishes To A Baby Or A Kid
You might say these wishes to the parents of a baby or a kid. You can select one of the sentences below:
Chúc cháu hay ăn chóng lớn. — Wishing you eat well and grow fast.
Chúc bé khoẻ mạnh và thông minh. — Wishing the baby be healthy and smart.
Wishes To A Student
The most priority to students might be exams and schools, so you can wish them to pass the exams or get a high score at school, such as:
Chúc em năm nay thi đỗ đại học. — I wish you pass the exam to the college this year.
Chúc cháu học giỏi và đạt điểm cao. — Wishing you learn well and get a high score.
Wishes To A Woman
A woman usually wants to look beautiful and young. Therefore, wishing them to always be beautiful and young is perfect. You can say it in Vietnamese like ‘Chúc chị mãi xinh đẹp’ or ‘Chúc cô luôn tươi trẻ’.
Wishes To A Man
A man might be interested a lot in their career or business. Kindly note that it doesn’t mean a woman is not interested in these topics.
So, to a man, you can wish him to be promoted in his new age like ‘Chúc anh tuổi mới được thăng chức’, or wish his business goes well, such as ‘Chúc chú làm ăn ngày càng phát đạt’.
Wishes To Senior People
To senior people from 60 years old or up, Vietnamese people usually wish them good health and a good time with family and grandchildren. You can say ‘Chúc ông/bà khoẻ mạnh ạ!’ or ‘Chúc ông/bà luôn vui vẻ bên con cháu’.
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